1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Africa, W. Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb with annual stems from a perennial rootstock; rootstock stout and woody, crowned with old fibrous leaf-bases which are sparsely to densely woolly, the flowering stems solitary to many, simple, 10–80(–100) cm high, whitish or yellowish woolly, sometimes leafy at the base only, in our area usually also with some cauline leaves; flowering stems sometimes developing before the radical leaves become apparent.
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading or ascending, dark or pale green above, pale grey or whitish beneath, the radical ones forming a loose rosette, (narrowly) elliptic to almost round, sessile or with a long pseudopetiole up to 20 cm long, blade 5–15(–34) cm long, 1–4(–8) cm wide, proximally pseudopetiolate or narrowing to a clasping base, shortly decurrent, margins entire, apex obtuse and mucronate to acuminate, glabrous to thinly woolly or long-pubescent with coarse hairs or scabridulous above, white-felted beneath, strongly 3–9-nerved; the cauline leaves progressively narrower and smaller.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, 4–8 mm long, in cymes united in rounded or corymbose clusters 1.5–15 cm across, on long leafless stalks with white wool mixed with multicellular brown hairs; stalks of individual capitula 2–4 mm long; phyllaries 3–6-seriate, pellucid, yellow, pale brown, grey-green or green with brown flecks, subequal or the outermost smallest, 1.5–6 mm long, base woolly, apex obtuse, stereome fenestrated or not, rarely distally ray-like; receptacle fimbrillate.
    Florets
    Florets yellow or orange, 18–70, hermaphrodite (but see note under var. nudifolium), tube (narrowly) infundibuliform, 2–4.3 mm long, lobes 0.4–0.7 mm long, glandular (but not often in our area), anthers 1.2–2 mm long, style 2.9–4.8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes cylindrical, 0.5–1.5 mm long, glabrous; pappus of many bristles, 2.8–5 mm long, lightly coherent by their bases, barbellate, caducous in groups.
    Figures
    Fig. 88 (page 421), fig. 86/1 (page 406).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hepper, F.N. [2156], Cameroon K000052171
    Maitland, T.D. [0 s.n.50], Cameroon K000052172
    Maitland, T.D. [0 s.n.50], Cameroon K000052173
    Zeyher [881], South Africa K000274573 Unknown type material
    Cameron, K.J. [6], Malawi K000274616 Unknown type material
    Cameron, K.J. [6], Malawi K000274617 Unknown type material
    Glover [2658], Kenya Helichrysum gerberifolium 26902.000

    First published in Syn. Gen. Compos.: 299 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Syn. Gen. Comp. 299 (1832).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje in Kew Bulletin 55 (2): 352 (2000).
    • Mesfin & T. Reilly in D.J.N. Hind et al. (eds), Adv. Comp. Syst.: 430 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 211 (1994).
    • Lisowski in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Compositae, Inuleae: 109, t. 20/a-e (1989).
    • Maquet in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 610 (1985).
    • Hilliard, Flora of Southern Africa 33, 7 (2): 233, fig. 48/1 (1983).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 264 (1963).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 177 (1962).
    • Moeser in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 265 (1910).
    • DC., Prodr. 6: 200 (1838).
    • Less., Syn. Comp.: 299 (1832).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0