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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Africa, W. Yemen.


    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Herb with annual stems from a perennial rootstock; rootstock stout and woody, crowned with old fibrous leaf-bases which are sparsely to densely woolly, the flowering stems solitary to many, simple, 10–80(–100) cm high, whitish or yellowish woolly, sometimes leafy at the base only, in our area usually also with some cauline leaves; flowering stems sometimes developing before the radical leaves become apparent.
    Leaves spreading or ascending, dark or pale green above, pale grey or whitish beneath, the radical ones forming a loose rosette, (narrowly) elliptic to almost round, sessile or with a long pseudopetiole up to 20 cm long, blade 5–15(–34) cm long, 1–4(–8) cm wide, proximally pseudopetiolate or narrowing to a clasping base, shortly decurrent, margins entire, apex obtuse and mucronate to acuminate, glabrous to thinly woolly or long-pubescent with coarse hairs or scabridulous above, white-felted beneath, strongly 3–9-nerved; the cauline leaves progressively narrower and smaller.
    Capitula homogamous, 4–8 mm long, in cymes united in rounded or corymbose clusters 1.5–15 cm across, on long leafless stalks with white wool mixed with multicellular brown hairs; stalks of individual capitula 2–4 mm long; phyllaries 3–6-seriate, pellucid, yellow, pale brown, grey-green or green with brown flecks, subequal or the outermost smallest, 1.5–6 mm long, base woolly, apex obtuse, stereome fenestrated or not, rarely distally ray-like; receptacle fimbrillate.
    Florets yellow or orange, 18–70, hermaphrodite (but see note under var. nudifolium), tube (narrowly) infundibuliform, 2–4.3 mm long, lobes 0.4–0.7 mm long, glandular (but not often in our area), anthers 1.2–2 mm long, style 2.9–4.8 mm long.
    Achenes cylindrical, 0.5–1.5 mm long, glabrous; pappus of many bristles, 2.8–5 mm long, lightly coherent by their bases, barbellate, caducous in groups.
    Fig. 88 (page 421), fig. 86/1 (page 406).



    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics


    Other Data

    Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hepper, F.N. [2156], Cameroon K000052171
    Maitland, T.D. [0 s.n.50], Cameroon K000052172
    Maitland, T.D. [0 s.n.50], Cameroon K000052173
    Zeyher [881], South Africa K000274573 Unknown type material
    Cameron, K.J. [6], Malawi K000274616 Unknown type material
    Cameron, K.J. [6], Malawi K000274617 Unknown type material
    Glover [2658], Kenya Helichrysum gerberifolium 26902.000


    First published in Syn. Gen. Compos.: 299 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Syn. Gen. Comp. 299 (1832).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Beentje in Kew Bulletin 55 (2): 352 (2000).
    • Mesfin & T. Reilly in D.J.N. Hind et al. (eds), Adv. Comp. Syst.: 430 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 211 (1994).
    • Lisowski in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Compositae, Inuleae: 109, t. 20/a-e (1989).
    • Maquet in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 610 (1985).
    • Hilliard, Flora of Southern Africa 33, 7 (2): 233, fig. 48/1 (1983).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 264 (1963).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 177 (1962).
    • Moeser in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 265 (1910).
    • DC., Prodr. 6: 200 (1838).
    • Less., Syn. Comp.: 299 (1832).


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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