1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum odoratissimum (L.) Sweet

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herb or woody herb, 0.3–1 m high, sometimes scrambling to 2 m, erect or sprawling, much branched; stems often decumbent and rooting at the base, glandular, thinly white- or grey-lanate, often winged with thin or broad wings.
    Leaves
    Leaves smelling of curry, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 0.5–6 cm long, 0.2–1.5 cm wide, base narrowed or broad and clasping, usually decurrent into stem wings, apex acute or mucronate, glandular and scabrid-pubescent to scabrid-lanate above and glabrescent, grey-white lanate beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula 3–5 mm long, heterogamous, many in dense rounded clusters united in their turn in terminal cymes; receptacle alveolate, fimbrillate; phyllaries closely imbricate and appressed, (narrowly) obovoid, 3–4 mm long, proximal part pale brown, distal part expanded and yellow, apex rounded or obtuse, the outermost lanate at the very base, all others glabrous, the innermost often with a glandular patch halfway.
    Florets
    Outer florets absent (or up to 3, see note), narrowly cylindrical, 2.2 mm long; inner florets (3–)4–6, tube narrowly infundibuliform or cylindrical, (1.6–)2.2–2.4 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.4 mm long and glandular, anthers 1.1–1.4 mm long, style 2–2.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes ellipsoid, 0.5–0.7 mm long, minutely hairy; pappus white, (1.3–)2–3 mm long, coherent at base.
    Figures
    Fig. 87/1–7.
    Habitat
    Montane grassland or bushland (with Protea, Anthospermum, Artemisia etc.), giant heath zone, forest margins; often on volcanic soils; (800–)1700–3700(–4000) m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 T2 T4 T7 U1 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A perennial herb with slender white-woolly erect or straggling winged branches 1-5 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Flower-heads pale golden-yellow, very small and numerous in terminal corymbs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, Gulf of Guinea Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Great Britain

    Helichrysum odoratissimum (L.) Sweet appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 14, 2009 Katende, T. [2071], Uganda K000545475
    Dec 14, 2009 Katende, T. [980], Uganda K000545476
    Dec 14, 2009 Katede [916], Uganda K000545478
    Feb 1, 2008 Gereau, R.E. [6745], Tanzania K000438242
    Jan 1, 2008 Mwachala, G. [1188], Kenya K000614895
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9567], Cameroon K000108702
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8905], Cameroon K000108703
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8904], Cameroon K000108704
    Nov 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [3146], Cameroon K000052089
    Jan 1, 1987 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8929], Cameroon K000052087
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [803], Cameroon K000052084
    Jan 1, 1956 Brenan, J.P.M. [9387], Cameroon K000052093
    Jan 1, 1956 Brenan, J.P.M. [9387], Cameroon K000052094
    Apr 1, 1953 Dummer, R.A. [3607], Uganda K000274582 Unknown type material
    Keay, R.W.J. [28631], Cameroon K000052103
    Ash [56], Ethiopia 40730.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [8323], Cameroon K000052099
    Morton, J.K. [861], Cameroon K000052081
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.47], Cameroon K000052095
    Maitland, T.D. [970], Cameroon K000052097
    Maitland, T.D. [660], Cameroon K000052098
    Boughey, A.S. [11553], Cameroon K000052083
    Sanford, W.W. [5407], Cameroon K000052080
    Thorold, C.A. [CM 24], Cameroon K000052104
    Mann, G. [1934in par], Cameroon K000052101
    Mann, G. [0s.n.09], Cameroon K000052102
    Mann, G. [1228], Cameroon K000052105
    Breteler, F.J. [MC 125], Cameroon K000052090
    Breteler, F.J. [MC 29], Cameroon K000052091
    Breteler, F.J. [MC 29], Cameroon K000052092
    Zeyher [2874], South Africa K000274798 Unknown type material
    Dunlap [197], Cameroon K000052100
    Freidberg [7], Cameroon K000052088

    First published in Hort. Brit.: 223 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hedberg in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 15, 1: 201, 338 (1957).
    • Moeser in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 44: 242 (1910)
    • Syn. Gen. Comp. 301 (1832)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 211, t. 86 (1994).
    • Anderb. in Opera Bot. 104: 145 (1991).
    • Lisowski in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Compositae, Inuleae: 76, t. 13/f-j (1989).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Africa: 171, fig. 370 (1987).
    • Maquet in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 608 (1985).
    • Hilliard in Flora of Southern Africa 33, 7 (2): 74, fig. 15/1 (1983).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 264 (1963).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 177 (1962).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 201, 338 (1957).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 35 (1956).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 151 (1949).
    • Moeser in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 242 (1910).
    • DC., Prodr. 6: 202 (1838).
    • Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 223 (1826).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0