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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum stenopterum DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bioko, S. Tropical & S. Africa.


    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Perennial herb becoming woody at the base, 0.3–1 m high, with scandent or straggling branches to 2 m; many-stemmed, the stems grey-lanate but glabrescent, glandular, strongly aromatic (of pig manure?), with continuous wings 1–2 mm wide.
    Leaves lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 1–12 cm long, 0.2–1.8 cm wide, base narrowing gradually into decurrent stem wings, margins revolute, apex acute, arachnoid-pubescent above but glabrescent, white- or grey-felted beneath, glabrescent in older leaves, glandular; 1–3-veined.
    Capitula heterogamous, 2.5–3.5 mm long, many together in congested clusters combining to form large terminal corymbose or paniculate inflorescences to 12 cm across; stalks of individual capitula absent; receptacle alveolate, fimbrillate; phyllaries in 2–5 series, lanceolate, imbricate, equalling the florets, the outer pale brown or translucent, the inner distally pale yellow, 1–2.5 mm long, obtuse, the outermost pubescent at base, otherwise glabrous, the inner often with a patch of glands halfway.
    Outer florets 3–7, tube filiform to cylindrical and slightly widening just below the lobes, 1.2–1.5 mm long, lobes 0.1–0.3 mm long, style 1.5–2 mm long; inner florets 0–2(–3), tube cylindrical or narrowly infundibuliform, 1.6–2 mm long, lobes 0.2–0.3 mm long, anthers 0.8–1 mm long, style 1.9–2.2 mm long.
    Achenes ellipsoid, 0.4–0.6 mm long, minutely papillose; pappus white, 1.5–2.5 mm long, coherent at base.
    Montane grassland, often in rocky sites, also a weed in cultivation, forest margins, in montane bushland, bamboo and heath zones; 600–2800 m
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7



    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


    Other Data

    Helichrysum stenopterum DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 14, 2009 Katende, T. [2234], Uganda K000545473
    Dec 14, 2009 Naiga [714], Uganda K000545474
    Dec 14, 2009 Kisalye, N. [405], Uganda K000545477
    Jan 1, 1996 Drummond [4307], Kenya K000372679
    Jan 1, 1993 Hepper, F.N. [1974], Cameroon K000052076
    Jan 1, 1993 Hepper, F.N. [1974], Cameroon K000052077
    Jan 1, 1993 Morton, J.K. [6869], Cameroon K000052082
    Luke, W.R.Q. [11040], Tanzania K000612933
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000274966
    Gerrard, W.T. [1001], South Africa K000274965
    Timberlake, J. [5347], Malawi K000614691
    Sallu, A.N. [614], Tanzania K000612983
    Schimper [1058], Ethiopia Helichrysum hochstetteri K000274402
    Schimper [1058], Ethiopia Helichrysum hochstetteri K000274404
    Schimper [237], Ethiopia Helichrysum hochstetteri K000274405
    Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia Helichrysum hochstetteri K000274403


    First published in Prodr. 6: 201 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Mesfin & T. Reilly in D.J.N. Hind et al. (eds), Adv. Comp. Syst.: 427 (1995).
    • Moeser in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 241 (1910).
    • DC., Prodr. 6: 201 (1838).


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.