1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Adenodolichos Harms

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, erect or prostrate, often glandular
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, pinnately or rarely digitately 3–5-foliolate, rarely 2-foliolate; leaflets glandular beneath; stipules not spurred, deciduous or ± persistent; stipels usually present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose or paniculate; rhachis slightly swollen at the insertion of the pedicels; bracts and bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped; upper lip entire to deeply bifid, lower lip 3-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla medium-sized, white or more usually purplish; standard obovate or rounded, emarginate, auriculate and with 2 obscure to well-developed appendages, glabrous; wings with long spur at the base of the lamina
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; 5 basifixed anthers alternating with 5 shorter medifixed anthers
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoidal, 2-ovuled; style incurved, laterally flattened, swollen at the base, barbate above on the inner side; stigma terminal, oblique, ± folded
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, compressed, beaked with the persistent curved style-base, narrowed below, ± glandular
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, usually rounded and compressed; hilum grooved; rim-aril developed or absent.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    The most basally branching genus in the Cajaninae in the analysis of Bruneau et al. (1995)
    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical woodland, scrub, wooded grassland and grassland, often appearing soon after fire
    Distribution
    SC Africa (Zambezian region), 1 sp. to Sudanian WC Africa
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, erect or prostrate, often glandular.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, pinnately or rarely digitately 3–5-foliolate, rarely 2-foliolate; leaflets glandular beneath; stipules not spurred, deciduous or ± persistent; stipels usually present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose or paniculate; rhachis slightly swollen at the insertion of the pedicels; bracts and bracteoles present.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped; upper lip entire to deeply bifid, lower lip 3-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla medium-sized, white or more usually purplish; standard obovate or rounded, emarginate, auriculate and with 2 obscure to well developed appendages, glabrous; wings with long spur at the base of the lamina.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; 5 basifixed anthers alternating with 5 shorter medifixed anthers.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoidal, 2-ovuled; style incurved, laterally flattened, swollen at the base, barbate above on the inner side; stigma terminal, oblique, ± folded.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, compressed, beaked with the persistent curved style base, narrowed below, ± glandular.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, usually rounded and compressed; hilum grooved; rim aril developed or absent.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used for human food (vegetable), medicine and cordage

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Adenodolichos Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 179 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 33: 179 (1902).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 179 (1902).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in E.J. 33: 179 (1902)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0