1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Anagyris L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Arabian Peninsula, Canary Islands.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Traditionally, the small tribe Thermopsideae includes six genera with a total of (43)–45–(46) species scattered through the mediterranean and temperate regions of N America, the Mediterranean Basin, and C to NE Asia (Turner, 1981). Recent molecular data, however, now places Pickeringia within the Cladrastis-Styphnolobium clade in the basal Papilionoideae (Wojciechowski et al., 2004). Thermopsis itself occurs in both N America and E Asia, and Baptisia is exclusively N American. The two species of Anagyris occur around the Mediterranean Basin and in Macaronesia. Piptanthus and Ammopiptanthus occur in E Asia. The tribe as a whole is absent from the S Hemisphere. The free stamens have always marked the tribe as distinct, and have led some to associate it with Sophoreae. Its earliest placement (e.g., Bentham, 1865) was in his Podalyrieae, in which he included Cyclopia and Podalyria, as well as many genera now placed in Mirbelieae. However, anatomical and phytochemical work (summarised by Turner, 1981) points to a closer relationship with Genisteae.

    Molecular analyses (e.g., Pennington et al., 2001; Kajita et al., 2001; Wojciechowski, 2003) and studies combining molecular and phytochemical data (e.g., Käss & Wink, 1995; Wink & Mohamed, 2003), all associated Thermopsideae with Genisteae, and placed them as part of the ‘core genistoids’ (Thermopsideae, Sophoreae sens. strict., Euchresteae, Podalyrieae, Crotalarieae and Genisteae). The Thermopsideae form a clade sister to Sophoreae sens. strict. in some analyses (e.g., Crisp et al., 2000 [where Thermopsideae is strongly supported as monophyletic] and Wink & Mohamed, 2003). In other analyses, however, a monophyletic Thermopsideae is not supported (e.g., Käss & Wink, 1995; Kajita et al., 2001; Wojciechowski et al., 2004). In the latter analysis elements of the tribe are nested separately within a paraphyletic Sophoreae sens. strict. The combined Sophoreae sens. strict.-Thermopsideae clade is sister to a Podalyrieae- Crotalarieae-Genisteae clade. Ammopiptanthus does not appear to have been sequenced to date and its placement here is based on comments by Turner (1981). A recircumscribed Thermopsideae, excluding Pickeringia (Fig. 34), thus requires further study to ascertain its tribal composition and validity.

    Habit
    Shrubs
    Ecology
    Mediterranean bushland, deciduous woodland and thicket, on rocky slopes
    Distribution
    Mediterranean and W Asia (Canary Is., S Europe, N Africa, Turkey, Middle East to Iran, Saudi Arabia and N Yemen); introduced in Mauritius
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Toxic and thus unpalatable to stock, leaves and seeds used for medicine; also used as ornamentals and indicators of degraded land

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    South Australia

    Anagyris L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 374 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0