1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Acokanthera G.Don

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs with poisonous sap, without spines or tendrils.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense axillary cymose fascicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes imbricate, free to base.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical, ± straight-sided, the inner surface usually pilose in the upper half and wrinkled below; lobes contorted, ovate, elliptic or subcircular, much shorter than the tube, overlapping to the left.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the top of the corolla tube; anthers subsessile, without carina, with a tuft of hairs at apex.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, bicarpellate, with 1 ovule per loculus; style filiform, glabrous, reaching to level of anthers; stigma minutely bifid, hairy, with a ring of papillae below.
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose to ellipsoid berry containing 1 or 2 seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds plano-convex, with glabrous testa.
    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, all parts (except the ripe fruit) containing toxic cardiac glycosides
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite and decussate, exstipulate
    Flowers
    Flowers white tinged with red, borne in dense axillary cymes, sweetly scented
    Calyx
    Sepals imbricate, free to base, ovate to lanceolate
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical; lobes contorted, overlapping to the left, shorter than the tube
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, glabrous, bicarpellate, syncarpous with axile placentation; ovule 1 per locule; style filiform; stigma minutely bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, containing one or two seeds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Socotra, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Acokanthera G.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Troupin, G. [3302], Rwanda 3626.000

    First published in Gen. Hist. 4: 485 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kupicha in Kew Bull. 37:41 (1982).
    • Codd in Bothalia 7: 448 (1961).
    • Markgraf in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berl. 8: 459 (1923).
    • Gen. Syst. 4: 485 (1838).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kupicha in K.B. 37 (1): 45 (1982)
    • in Gen. Syst. 4: 485 (1838)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0