1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Baphiopsis Benth. ex Baker

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Unarmed evergreen tree or shrub
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, unifoliolate; stipules very small and soon falling off; blade without pellucid dots
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, in short racemes or almost fasciculate, each flower subtended by 2 small nervose caducous bracteoles
    Calyx
    Calyx ellipsoid and entire before dehiscence, opening by a single slit and reflexing, or becoming divided into 2–3 lobes; no disc or cupular hypanthium
    Corolla
    Petals 6, almost equal, imbricate, the upper one with its margins overlapped
    Stamens
    Stamens 13–41, arranged round the base of the ovary, free or almost so; anthers basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; connective not glandular
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or nearly so, 2–5-ovuled, tapering upwards into a subulate style which is bent in its upper part and bears a minute capitate stigma
    Fruits
    Pods thick, beaked l-(or, fide F.C.B., sometimes 2–) seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds large, thin-walled, apparently not arillate, without endosperm; embryo curved.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    The Swartzieae sens. lat., comprising 17 genera and c. 258 species (Fig. 28), is largely Neotropical and distributed from Mexico to Argentina, and the Caribbean, with Bobgunnia, Cordyla, Mildbraediodendron and Baphiopsis restricted to tropical Africa and Madagascar. Cowan (1981a) included 11 genera in the Swartzieae, then later (Polhill, 1994) transferred four genera from the Sophoreae (Amburana, Ateleia, Cyathostegia and Holocalyx). Bobgunnia (Kirkbride & Wiersema, 1997) and Trischidium (Ireland, submitted) were added subsequently.

    The flowers of Swartzieae genera are unusual and varied, and do not totally conform to the typical ‘papilionoid’ structure, resulting in much debate over the systematic placement of the tribe. Disparities with the rest of the family, of some but not all Swartzieae taxa, include a closed calyx in bud, non-papilionaceous corollas (often with a single petal, or these lacking altogether due to complete loss of some petal primordia) and polystemony (often numerous stamens resulting from an innovative developmental feature, the ring meristem) (Tucker, 2003). Although now generally accepted to be papilionoid, the tribe has frequently been shifted between the Papilionoideae and the Caesalpinioideae, and is even recognised by some as a fourth subfamily (De Candolle, 1825; Bartling, 1830; Endlicher, 1840; Corner, 1951).

    Research based on pollen (Ferguson & Schrire, 1994), macromorphology (Herendeen, 1995), wood anatomy (Gasson, 1996) and DNA sequences (Doyle et al., 1996; Ireland et al., 2000; Pennington et al., 2001) has shown the Swartzieae to be polyphyletic, with many members of the tribe more closely related to genera in the Sophoreae, Dipterygeae and Dalbergieae than they are to each other (Fig. 28). In a phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data (Ireland et al., 2000; Pennington et al., 2001), Swartzia emerges in a monophyletic group with Bobgunnia, Bocoa, Trischidium, Cyathostegia and Ateleia. This group of genera, with the addition of Candolleodendron, are likely to constitute a redefined Swartzieae sens. strict., with the remaining swartzioid genera being moved to other tribes (Fig. 28). Wojciechowski et al. (2004) find moderate support for including Swartzieae sens. strict. in a monophyletic clade together with basally branching genera lacking the 50kb inversion in Sophoreae, and Dipterygeae.

     The reclassification of Swartzieae sens. strict., and realignment of the remaining swartzioid genera in other tribes, needs to be corroborated by further evidence. For the present, Swartzieae sens. lat. is retained in a basally branching position within the Papilionoideae following Polhill (1981a).

    [Author’s postscript: Mansano et al. (2004a) recently undertook a molecular-morphological analysis of the Lecointea clade of Herendeen (1995) and found strong support for the inclusion of Harleyodendron and Exostyles within this clade, rather than in the Vataireoid clade as reported here]

    " Based on evidence from pollen morphology (Ferguson & Skvarla, 1981), macromorphology (Herendeen, 1995) and DNA (Pennington et al., 2001) this genus is better placed with Baphia in the Sophoreae sens. lat., than with the above assemblage of genera
    Habit
    Trees or (sometimes scandent) shrubs
    Ecology
    Tropical lowland rain forest or swamp forest
    Distribution
    WC Africa (Guineo-Congolian and Lake Victoria regions)
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used for wooden implements

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Baphiopsis Benth. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 256 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 256.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Oliv., F.T.A. 2: 256 (1871)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0