1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Alafia Thouars

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Lianas or climbing shrubs; white or clear latex in all parts (except in A. zambesiaca and occasionally A. schumannii); branches mostly lenticellate; branchlets terete, glabrous or sometimes puberulous
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate; ochreae often widened into intrapetiolar stipules
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, sometimes also axillary, cymose, few- or many-flowered, lax to very dense; peduncle mostly short; flowers open during the day, mostly fragrant
    Calyx
    Sepals connate at the extreme base, ciliate, mostly with colleters within
    Corolla
    Corolla with variously shaped heads in mature bud more or less characteristic for the species, mostly pubescent below the insertion of the stamens and interrupted between the filament ridges; lobes overlapping to the right in bud, ciliate; tube shorter or longer than the lobes; lobes entire to sinuate-crenate, spreading or recurved
    Stamens
    Stamens with their tips reaching mouth of corolla tube; anthers sessile, sterile at the apex and below, pubescent below, coherent with the pistil head by a clavuncle
    Ovary
    Ovary of two separate carpels (united in A. multiflora), pubescent at the apex; disk absent; pistil of a basal cone or cylinder, usually with a ring at the apex and a bilobed stigmoid apex
    Fruits
    Fruit of two separate, thin walled, long and linear follicles (1 syncarpous in A. multiflora), dehiscent on adaxial side; seeds with a short wing at the base and a hairy coma longer than the grain attached at the apex or on a beak at the apex.
    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Scandent shrubs and lianes with milky latex.
    Spines
    Spines and tendrils absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, with a pair of triangular stipules sometimes joined into a single intrapetiolar scale, without acarodomatia or petiolar glands.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in terminal umbellate cymes.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes imbricate, free to base, each overlapped margin with one or a pair of delicate scales inside at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform; tube ± cylindrical, slightly wider at the middle, glabrous on outer surface except for faint alternipetalous lines of puberulence, ± glabrous within except for a circle of long stiff downwards-pointing hairs below the level of stamen-insertion; corolla lobes 5, contorted, overlapping to the right, indumentum variable.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, sessile, inserted at about the middle of the corolla tube and with their tips reaching to the mouth of the tube; anthers conniving in a cone round the gynoecium, polliniferous in upper part only, joined to the clavuncle by a retinacle; dorsal surface of anthers often pubescent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacular disc absent.
    Pistil
    Ovary of 2 free multiovulate carpels pubescent at apex; style glabrous, gradually dilated towards the clavuncle, contracted and then widened into the capitate stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit of 2 follicular mericarps.
    Seeds
    Seeds linear-compressed with an apical coma; endosperm absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Alafia Thouars appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 11 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pichon in Mém. Inst. Sci. Madag., sér. B,2: 45 (1949).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 195
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pichon in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 24: 131 (1954).
    • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 11 (1809).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Leeuwenberg in K.B. 52 (4): 769–839 (1997)
    • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 11 (1806)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0