1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Ancylobothrys Pierre

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Tendrillous lianes or low shrubs.
    Exudate
    Latex present.
    Spines
    Spines absent.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes grouped into long terminal panicles with sensitive branches.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes imbricate, united at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform; tube usually pubescent on outer surface, lobes contorted, overlapping to the left, fringed with white hairs.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the lower half of the corolla tube; filaments very short, anthers introrse, dorsifixed, with carina.
    Ovary
    Ovary hairy, uni- or bilocular, placentation axile or parietal with very prominent placentae, ovules ∞.
    Pistil
    Style glabrous; clavuncle cylindrical or ovoid; stigma bifid but with arms connivent.
    Fruits
    Fruit a many-seeded berry with densely velutinous surface; sclerified layer absent; pulp edible.
    Seeds
    Seeds endospermous, firmly embedded in the placental pulp.
    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Sarmentose shrubs or lianas, at least partly with a rusty brown indumentum, with large curled tendrils; latex present
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, exstipulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a long terminal panicle, with sensitive branches, these later becoming climbing hooks
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented
    Calyx
    Sepals green, often seemingly rusty brown by indumentum, usually without colleters
    Corolla
    Corolla white or nearly so; tube narrow, often thickened above the stamens, glabrous or pubescent outside; corolla lobes overlapping to the left, fringed with white hairs
    Stamens
    Stamens deeply included, inserted at the lower quarter of the tube; anthers narrowly triangular, cordate at the base, keeled along the back, glabrous
    Pistil
    Ovary unilocular, hairy, abruptly narrowed into the style; pistil head of a subglobose or cylindrical stigmatic basal part and a short, bilobed stigmoid apex
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, yellow to red, globose or pear-shaped or nearly so, rounded at the apex, softly velutinous
    Seeds
    Seed with horny endosperm, surrounding the embryo.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius

    Ancylobothrys Pierre appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris, n.s., 1: 91 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pichon in Mém. I.F.A.N. 35: 272 (1953).
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris, n. sér.: 91 (1898), as Ancylobothrys
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pichon in Mém. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 35: 272 (1953).
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris, N.S. 1: 91 (1898).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vonk, Leeuwenberg & Haegens in Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 94 (3): 4–44 (1994)
    • Pichon in Mém. I.F.A.N. 35: 272 (1953) (both as Ancylobothrys)
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris sér. 2: 91 (1898)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0