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  1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhynchospora Vahl
      1. Rhynchospora corymbosa (L.) Britton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 1900 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: “Habitat in India”; lectotype: Herb. Linn. No. 71.48 (LINN), chosen by Gordon-Gray in Strelitzia 2: 150 (1995)
    Habit
    Leafy, up to 2 m high, with a thick creeping rhizome, at the base covered with closely imbricate tough leaf bases, split by scaly buds emerging forming new culms. Robust perennial.
    Culms
    Culms trigonous, longitudinally grooved, 45–150 cm long, 0.4–1.2 cm wide, less wide near the inflorescence, glabrous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence consisting of one terminal and several lateral corymbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves subtending the primary branches 20–56 cm long, 0.8–1.6 cm wide; primary branches several, 2.5–11 cm long, scabrid near the apex, ending in a corymb. Leaf blade tough, linear, 45–96 cm long, triangular in dissection, 0.9–1.8 mm wide, apex acuminate, margins, midrib and apex (minutely) scabrid Leaf sheath pale yellowish-green to brown, 5.5–15 cm long. Leaves many, densely crowded.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets in clusters at secondary branches, lanceolate, 7.5–10 mm long, 0.7–2.5 mm wide; 6–7 glumes per spikelet, orange-brown to reddish-brown, the basal ones empty, ovate, 2.2–5.2 mm long, 1.3–3 mm wide, apex awned, the upper 2 glumes with flowers, one bisexual flower and 1 male flower above, elliptic-lanceolate, tightly rolled in, 6–8.5 mm long, 2.5–3.8 mm wide, apex acuminate to awned, glabrous
    Perianth
    Perianth bristles present, 6, subequal, 4–6.5 mm long
    Stamens
    Stamens 3: filaments 4–9 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers 1.8–3.5 mm long, apex apiculate
    Style
    Style unbranched, long, projecting from the spikelet apex
    Fruits
    Nutlet brown, obovoid, 2–4.4 mm long, 1.7–2.3 mm wide, minutely papillose, crown on top whitish, long-conical with one longitudinal groove on each of the two flattened sides, 3–6 mm long.
    Ecology
    Lake shores, riverbanks, shallow pools, swampy areas; sea-level to 1850 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat
    Note
    " R. corymbosa looks like Cladium mariscus subsp. jamaicense in its coarse habit and wide and scabrid leaves. The spikelets in C. mariscus are much shorter though, and the branching pattern in the inflorescence is different.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U4 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8 Z Range: Widespread in West, tropical and southern Africa; India

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Rhynchospora corymbosa (L.) Britton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5177], Cameroon K000338988
    Oct 1, 2003 Gardner, G. [1204], Pernambuco K000189545
    May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9165], Cameroon K000050703
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4112], Cameroon K000050704
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4582], Cameroon K000678163
    Jan 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9838], Cameroon K000678164
    Oct 1, 1982 Cavalo, G.P. [920], Bahia K000189548
    Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [20172], Bahia K000189547
    Jan 1, 1961 Rabil [238], Thailand K000595014
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4085], Thailand K000595010
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3844], Thailand K000595011
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6986], Thailand K000595012
    Hansen, B. [11878], Thailand K000595013
    Forster [s.n.], Society Is. K001057243
    Smitinand, T. [6566], Thailand K000595001
    Chantaranothai, P. [1247], Thailand K000595002
    Niyomdham, C. [1520], Thailand K000498945
    Beusekom, C.F. van [720`], Thailand K000498944

    Bibliography

    First published in Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11: 84 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Dey, S. & Prasanna, P.V. (2010). The tribe Rhynchosporeae (Cyperaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 1-19.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Silveira, G.H. & Longhi-Wagner, H.M. (2008). Cyperaceae Juss. no Morro Santana - Porto Alegre e Viamåo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Iheringia: Botânica 63: 295-320.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 6: 493, fig. 212.159 (1997).
    • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 313 (1983)
    • Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11: 84 (1892)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/