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  1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhynchospora Vahl
      1. Rhynchospora holoschoenoides (Rich.) Herter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: French Guiana, Cayenne, Le Blond s.n. (P, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial, 40–130 cm high, base rounded, covered by fibres formed from the older leaf-bases, set at the end of a short curving scaly stolon, and emitting new thick stolons.
    Culms
    Culms trigonous to triquetrous, 1.7–3.7 mm wide, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaf sheath pale green to brownish, 2–12 cm long. Leaves up to 70 cm long. Leaf blade linear, stiff and ascending but curved at the apex, 26–63 cm long, 2.5–7.4 mm wide, apex acuminate, glabrous or sometimes scabrid on the margins, midrib and apex
    Bracts
    Involucral bract 1. Leaf-like, 3–7 cm long, 1–3.5 mm wide, scabrid
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence capitate or simple, primary branches 0–5, 1–15.5 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets in dense globose clusters at the end of the primary branches, at least one cluster sessile, lanceolate, (3–)5–7 mm long, 1.2–2 mm wide, ± 5 glumes per spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes golden brown, elliptic-ovate, 3.2–5.2 mm long, 1.6–2.6 mm wide, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous Glumes 1 and 2 sterile, 3 subtending a bisexual flower and 4 and 5 male flowers.
    Perianth
    Perianth of 6 equal bristles, 2.2–3 mm long
    Stamens
    Stamens 3: filaments 4.5–5 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers 1.2–2.5 mm long
    Style
    Style unbranched or minutely 2branched
    Fruits
    Nutlet, brown, obovoid, 2.1–2.5 mm long, 1.2–1.5 mm wide, bordered by thickened rims running into the shoulders, minutely punctuate, crown on top of the nutlet yellowish, lanceolate, 1.3–1.5 mm long
    Figures
    Fig. 53, p359
    Ecology
    Permanent swamps and ponds; sea-level up to 1800 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat
    Note
    " R. holoschoenoides shares the globose shaped spikes with R. rubra subsp. africana, but always has at least some spikes on primary branches. R. rubra always has a capitate inflorescence without any branched spikes.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: T5 T6 T7 Range: Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa
    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A generally stout, erect plant often about 1 m. high, but sometimes much dwarfed
    Inflorescences
    An inflorescence somewhat resembling Scirpus holoschoenus Linn.
    Ecology
    In marshes, swamps and damp grassland, generally near surface water which may be brackish.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 200 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cape Provinces, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Panamá, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Rhynchospora holoschoenoides (Rich.) Herter appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2372], Bahia K000189661
    Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2265], Bahia K000189660
    Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2263], Bahia K000189659
    May 1, 1988 Trail, J.W.H. [1200], Brazil K001179629
    Dec 1, 1986 Santos, F.S. [385], Bahia K000189669
    Jan 1, 1983 Mori, S.A. [14185a], Bahia K000189673
    Jan 1, 1981 Carvalho, A.M. [417], Bahia K000189666
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9648], Bahia K000189668
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10785], Bahia K000189667
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10947], Bahia K000189665
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10220], Bahia K000189664
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [11388], Bahia K000189663
    Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9900], Bahia K000189662
    Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [19218], Bahia K000189682
    Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [18881], Bahia K000189677
    Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17506], Bahia K000189680
    Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17457], Bahia K000189679
    Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [15813], Bahia K000189678
    Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17295], Bahia K000189681
    Harley, R.M. [14348A], Bahia K000189672
    Harley, R.M. [14346], Bahia K000189671
    s.coll. [8], Trinidad & Tobago K000632384
    s.coll. [6434], Rio de Janeiro K000632461
    Sant'Ana, S.C. [135], Bahia K000189670
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189676
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189674
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189684 Unknown type material
    Gardner, G. [1440], Bahia K000189675
    Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K000189930 syntype
    Baum, H. [355], Angola K000244816 Unknown type material
    Poiteau [s.n.], French Guiana K000189929 Unknown type material
    Schinz, H. [373], Botswana K000244820
    Chapman, A.W. [s.n.], Florida K001057335
    [Balbis] [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K000632383
    Apr 1, 1889 s.coll. [s.n.], Florida Rhynchospora schoenoides K001057288
    Apr 1, 1889 Baldwin, W. [s.n.] Rhynchospora schoenoides K001057287

    Bibliography

    First published in Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

    Accepted by

    • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 365 (1967).
    • in Revis. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 314 (1983).
    • Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/