1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Cyclocarpa Afzel. ex Urb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Old World.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Habit
    Erect annual herb
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical grassland, in damp places, rock fissures, seepage zones and pond edges, often on cultivated land
    Distribution
    widely distributed in the Paleotropics, through Zambezian and Sudanian Africa, Indo-China, Malesia to N Australia
    Note
    Traditionally cited as Cyclocarpa Afzel. ex Baker (1871) but this is considered as a provisional description (i.e., made in observation). Placed by Rudd (1981) in tribe Aeschynomeneae, subtribe Aeschynomeninae; Lavin et al. (2001a) resolved Cyclocarpa in the Dalbergia clade together with the remaining members of Aeschynomeninae sensu Rudd (1981) (Fig. 40)
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or spreading annual herb, mostly branched and tufted
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sensitive, paripinnate; stipules membranous, spurred; stipels absent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences umbel-like racemes, 1–4-flowered; bracts and bracteoles small, thin
    Flowers
    Flowers small, yellow
    Calyx
    Calyx deciduous, 2-lipped, the lips almost entire
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, emarginate, shortly clawed; wings oblong, shortly clawed, finely denticulate above, marked with a few small pockets; keel obtuse, spurred, finely denticulate above
    Stamens
    Stamens all joined, the tube split completely unilaterally or for half its length to form 2 bundles of 5, or with the vexillary filament free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, falcate, subsessile, many-ovuled; style curved, inflexed; stigma small, terminal
    Fruits
    Pods narrow, compressed, coiled into a ring or a spiral, minutely roughened on the margins; articles 8–11, separating, the nerve persistent after they have fallen
    Seeds
    Seeds broadly irregularly reniform; hilum minute, eccentric.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Habit
    Erect or spreading annual herbs, mostly branched and tufted.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sensitive, paripinnate; stipules membranous, spurred; stipels absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences umbel-like racemes, 1–4-flowered; bracts and bracteoles small, thin.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, yellow.
    Calyx
    Calyx deciduous, 2-lipped; lips almost entire.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, emarginate, shortly clawed; wings oblong, shortly clawed, finely denticulate above, marked with a few small pockets; keel obtuse, spurred, finely denticulate above.
    Stamens
    Stamens all joined, the tube split completely unilaterally or for half its length to form 2 bundles of 5, or with the vexillary filament free; anthers uniform.
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, falcate, subsessile, many-ovuled; style curved, inflexed; stigma small, terminal.
    Fruits
    Fruit many-jointed, linear, compressed, coiled into a ring or a spiral, minutely roughened on the margins; articles numerous, separating, the nerve persistent after they have fallen.
    Seeds
    Seeds broadly irregularly reniform; hilum minute, eccentric.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Queensland

    Cyclocarpa Afzel. ex Urb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Jahrb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 3: 247 (1884)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Urb. in Jahrb. Bot. Gart. Berl. 3: 247 (1884).
    • —F.T.A. 2: 151
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdcourt in Kirkia 9: 444 (1974).
    • in F.T.A. 2: 151 (1871).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in F.T.A. 2: 151 (1871)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0