1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Eminia Taub.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical woodland, riverine thicket, wooded grassland, bushland and shrubland, often on rocky slopes at mid to higher altitudes
    Distribution
    Africa (Zambezian region)
    Note
    Placed in subtribe Glycininae (see note under Pseudeminia) and closely related to Pseudeminia Verdc. and Pseudovigna Verdc.

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect or climbing herbs or subshrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules and stipels present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary or terminal pseudoraceme; bracts and bracteoles gland-tipped.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5-lobed, the upper lobes often connate, pubescent; lobes up to 5-toothed, each tooth gland-tipped or not.
    Corolla
    Corolla small; standard obovate, clawed.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free, the rest fused into a sheath.
    Pistil
    Ovary spindle-shaped, hirsute; style geniculate, filiform, bearded proximally, widening slightly towards the bend, with a minute terminal stigma.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong, compressed, dehiscent, (1)2(3)-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds deep red to very dark brown, suborbicular or rectangular, with a small hilum bearing a small persistent cartilaginous funicle remnant.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or climbing herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, petiolate; stipules and stipels small
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary false racemes, those at the ends of the shoots running together forming a false spike; bracts and bracteoles aristate, gland-tipped
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5-lobed, the upper lobes ±connate; lobes linear-lanceolate, aristate, their tips clavate and glandular, or oblong, 3–5-fid, each division with a glandular tip
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, auriculate; appendages reduced to thickenings
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary fusiform, hirsute; style filiform, apical third glabrous, bent at a right-angle; stigma terminal, minute
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, compressed, (1–)2–3-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds suborbicular or ± rectangular or trigonous, compressed; hilum round; rim-aril little developed, but a small cartilaginous funicle-remnant persistent.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used as human food and drink (roots contain amylase used in brewing beer)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Eminia Taub. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 9: 29 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pauwels in Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 53: 153–160 (1983).
    • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 9: 29 (1891).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 9: 29 (1891)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0