1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Callichilia Stapf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Shrubs or lianas, glabrous in all parts; white latex present in most parts
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; petiole with a single row of colleters in the axils
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences one or two, at branch apex just below its ramification, pendulous, pedunculate, cymose, congested
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic
    Corolla
    Corolla white; lobes in bud overlapping to the left
    Stamens
    Stamens included; anthers introrse, narrowly oblong, apiculate or obtuse,auriculate at the base
    Pistil
    Pistil glabrous; ovary broadly ovoid, of 2 almost free carpels, surrounded at the base by a shallowly lobed almost free disk; pistil head composed of a 5-ribbed or -winged clavuncular body, each wing between the auriculae of the anther, stigma obscure
    Fruits
    Fruit berry-like, many-seeded, the two mericarps free or partly connate, yellow to orange; wall thin, pulp fleshy; aril very thin
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, with deeply pitted testa and slightly ruminate endosperm
    Distribution
    Seven species in tropical Africa.
    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Shrubs or lianas, glabrous, with white latex present; branches unarmed, lenticellate; trunk dichotomously branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, those of a pair equal or unequal, subsessile or petiolate; petiole with colleters at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–2 in the forks of branches, pendulous, pedunculate, congested, cymose; bracts with colleters.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, often fragrant.
    Calyx
    Sepals connate at the extreme base only, imbricate, much shorter than the corolla, inside with 1–4 rows of minute glands near the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube carnose, glabrous except for pilose ridges leading downward from the base of the filaments inside; tube cylindrical in the lower part, wider in the upper and there cylindrical or infundibuliform; lobes membranaceous, obtriangular, oblique, with two apices, one acute and one rounded.
    Stamens
    Stamens included, connivent in a cone. Filaments shorter than the anthers; anthers glabrous, auriculate at the base, 2-celled.
    Pistil
    Pistil glabrous; carpels connate at the very base only; disk present; style slender, clavuncula 5-winged; stigma small.
    Fruits
    Fruit berry-like, many-seeded, the two mericarps free, or (only in C. orientalis) semi-syncarpous; wall thin.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, testa reticulate and deeply pitted; endosperm copious, surround­ing the straight embryo.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Zaïre

    Callichilia Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Letouzey, R. [13980], Cameroon K000028173

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(1): 130 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 4, 1: 130 (1902).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Beentje in Meded. Landb. Wag. 78-7: 2 (1978).
    • Pichon in Mém. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat. Paris N., Sér. 27: 224 (1948).
    • in F.T.A. 4, 1: 130 (1902).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool 78 (7): 1–32 (1978)
    • in F.T.A. 4(1): 130 (1902)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0