1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Eriosema (DC.) G.Don

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical to subtropical forest margins, woodland, thicket and wooded grassland, or open grassland in rocky or swampy areas, or in old cultivations and waste ground
    Distribution
    Africa and Madagascar (c. 100-110 spp.), N and S America (Mexico to N Argentina, c. 40 spp.) and SE Asia to Australia (2 spp.); most New World spp. are S American (c. 30 spp.)
    Note
    Placed in subtribe Cajaninae, allied to Rhynchosia
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs, erect or prostrate, rarely twining, occasionally pyrophytes
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately or rarely digitately 3(–6)-foliolate or 1-foliolate; leaflets often with small glands beneath; stipules present but stipels often absent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose or rarely paniculate, short and condensed or elongated
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes equal or unequal, the upper pair free or sometimes partly fused particularly in subgen. Becquetia, often glandular
    Corolla
    Corolla small to medium-sized, usually basically yellow; standard auriculate or not, with or without appendages inside, glabrous to velvety and glandular outside
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-ovuled, covered with long or short hairs; style bent at or below the middle, glabrous above; stigma very small
    Fruits
    Pods oblong or oval, compressed, velutinous (in subgen. Becquetia), covered with spaced long hairs or glabrescent
    Seeds
    Seeds 2, ovoid or oblong, with a linear hilum to which the funicle is attached at one end; rim-aril ± developed.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs, erect or prostrate, rarely twining, occasionally pyrophytes.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately or rarely digitately 3(6)-foliolate or 1-foliolate; leaflets often with small glands beneath; stipules present but stipels often absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose or rarely paniculate, short and condensed or elongated.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes equal or unequal, the upper pair free or sometimes partly fused particularly in subgen. Becquetia, often glandular.
    Corolla
    Corolla small to medium-sized, usually basically yellow; standard auriculate or not, with or without appendages inside, glabrous to velvety and glandular outside.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-ovuled, covered with long or short hairs; style bent at or below the middle, glabrous above; stigma very small.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong or ovate, compressed, velutinous (in subgen. Becquetia), covered with spaced long hairs or glabrescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2, ovoid or oblong, with a linear hilum to which the funicle is attached at one end; rim aril ± developed.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used as human famine food (Huxham et al., 1998), medicine and fish poison

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sri Lanka

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Eriosema (DC.) G.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Hist. 2: 347 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 223.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Staner & De Craene in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., Sér. VI, 1: 37–92, t. 28–31 (1934).
    • in Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris 9: 421 (1826), sphalm. “Euriosma”*.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jacques-Félix in Adansonia sér. 2, 11:141 (1971)
    • Staner and De Craene in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 6, 1: 37–92, t. 28–31 (1934)
    • in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 1, 9: 421 (1826), sphalm. “Euriosma”

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0