1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium formosum Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka. It is has environmental uses.

    [FTEA]

    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Venezuela, Caracas, Bredemeyer in herb. Willdenow 19908 (B-W, holo.)
    Habit
    On rocks or terrestrial.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome erect, 3 mm diameter, with brown lanceolate attenuate Rhizome scales up to 3 mm long with a dark central stripe and pale entire borders.
    Leaves
    Frond tufted, erect or slightly arching, not proliferous.
    Stipes
    Stipe shining dark brown to black, 0.5–6 cm long, with 2 narrow pale brown wings.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina very narrowly oblong, 10–31 × 1.5–3.5 cm, 1-pinnate to 2-pinnatifid, with the lower pinnae gradually reduced, apical pinnae decrescent but terminal pinna similar to others, though with 2 incised margins.
    Pinnae
    Pinnae (15–)25–50 pairs, opposite or alternate, chartaceous, 0.9–1.8 × 0.4–0.8 cm, shortly petiolate, unequally narrowly oblong-rhombic, deeply incised into linear obtuse segments ± 1 mm wide, the acroscopic basal lobe parallel to or sometimes overlapping the rachis, the basiscopic margin entire, the acroscopic margin incised (see above), both surfaces glabrous.
    Leaf veins
    Costa running close to basiscopic margin.
    Rachis
    Rachis dark brown to black with a narrow pale wing, glabrous.
    Sori
    Sori 1–2(–3) per pinna, ovate to elliptic, all facing acroscopically, 2–4 mm long.
    Indusium
    Indusium narrowelliptic, membranous, entire, 0.7–1.3 mm wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 5: 3–4, p. 30.
    Ecology
    Moist to dry forest, riverine forest; on moist rock or terrestrial; 600–1800 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    A specimen from T 2, S of Mt Meru, Schippers T1198! has unusual low numbers of pinnae, as few as 15 pairs on fertile fronds.
    Distribution
    Range: Tropical America Range: Tropical Africa including Cameroon to Sudan, S to Zambia and Mozambique, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka Flora districts: U1 K 5 T2 T4 T7
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 50 - 1300 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [FWTA]

    Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    Ecology
    On rocks and trees at low levels in forest; up to 2, 000 ft. alt.
    [UPB]
    Environmental
    Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Asplenium formosum Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [1822], Mato Grosso K000579510
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000200041
    K000295626
    Galeotti, H.G. [6471], Oaxaca K000633310
    Beechey [s.n.], Mexico K000295625
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2216] Asplenium odontophyllum K001115424

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 329 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa https://plants.jstor.org/collection/UPWTA in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 183, t. 37, fig. 3, 4 (1953).
    • Syn. Fil. 210 (1867)
    • Hook. Fil.Exot. t.16 (1857)
    • Sp. Pl. 5 : 329 (1810
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 28, t. 172 (1994)
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 63 (1991)
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 230, map, figs. (1990)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 179 (1970)
    • Tardieu, Fl. Cameroun Pterid.: 196, t. 29/3–4 (1964)
    • Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 57 (1959)
    • Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 183, t. 37/3–4 (1953)
    • Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 329 (1810)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0