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  1. Family: Aspleniaceae Newman
    1. Genus: Asplenium L.
      1. Asplenium formosum Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka. It is has environmental uses.


    Aspleniaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type: Venezuela, Caracas, Bredemeyer in herb. Willdenow 19908 (B-W, holo.)
    On rocks or terrestrial.
    Rhizome scales up to 3 mm long with a dark central stripe and pale entire borders. Rhizome erect, 3 mm diameter, with brown lanceolate attenuate
    Frond tufted, erect or slightly arching, not proliferous.
    Stipe shining dark brown to black, 0.5–6 cm long, with 2 narrow pale brown wings.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina very narrowly oblong, 10–31 × 1.5–3.5 cm, 1-pinnate to 2-pinnatifid, with the lower pinnae gradually reduced, apical pinnae decrescent but terminal pinna similar to others, though with 2 incised margins.
    Pinnae (15–)25–50 pairs, opposite or alternate, chartaceous, 0.9–1.8 × 0.4–0.8 cm, shortly petiolate, unequally narrowly oblong-rhombic, deeply incised into linear obtuse segments ± 1 mm wide, the acroscopic basal lobe parallel to or sometimes overlapping the rachis, the basiscopic margin entire, the acroscopic margin incised (see above), both surfaces glabrous.
    Leaf veins
    Costa running close to basiscopic margin.
    Rachis dark brown to black with a narrow pale wing, glabrous.
    Sori 1–2(–3) per pinna, ovate to elliptic, all facing acroscopically, 2–4 mm long.
    Indusium narrowelliptic, membranous, entire, 0.7–1.3 mm wide.
    Fig. 5: 3–4, p. 30.
    Moist to dry forest, riverine forest; on moist rock or terrestrial; 600–1800 m
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    A specimen from T 2, S of Mt Meru, Schippers T1198! has unusual low numbers of pinnae, as few as 15 pairs on fertile fronds.
    Range: Tropical America Range: Tropical Africa including Cameroon to Sudan, S to Zambia and Mozambique, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka Flora districts: U1 K 5 T2 T4 T7

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.


    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Alt. 50 - 1300 m.
    Native from Colombia.

    Aspleniaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    On rocks and trees at low levels in forest; up to 2, 000 ft. alt.
    Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).



    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics


    Other Data

    Asplenium formosum Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [1822], Mato Grosso K000579510
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000200041
    Galeotti, H.G. [6471], Oaxaca K000633310
    Beechey [s.n.], Mexico K000295625
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2216] Asplenium odontophyllum K001115424


    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 329 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 183, t. 37, fig. 3, 4 (1953).
    • Syn. Fil. 210 (1867)
    • Hook. Fil.Exot. t.16 (1857)
    • Sp. Pl. 5 : 329 (1810

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 28, t. 172 (1994)
    • Johns, Pterid. trop. East Africa checklist: 63 (1991)
    • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 230, map, figs. (1990)
    • Schelpe, F.Z. Pteridophyta: 179 (1970)
    • Tardieu, Fl. Cameroun Pterid.: 196, t. 29/3–4 (1964)
    • Alston, Ferns W.T.A.: 57 (1959)
    • Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 183, t. 37/3–4 (1953)
    • Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 329 (1810)


    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database