1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Faidherbia A.Chev.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Lebanon and Iran to Africa.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Vernacular
    apple-ring acacia
    Habit
    Trees
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical to subtropical riverine and groundwater forest, woodland, swamps and floodplains
    Distribution
    Africa (widespread in Sudanian, Zambezian and Sahelian regions from Egypt, Senegal and the Gambia south to Botswana, and KwaZulu Natal in S Africa) and in the Arabian Peninsula to W Asia (Iran); introduced in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru and some Atlantic islands
    Note
    Segregated from Acacia by A. Chevalier in 1934, but this was ignored until recently; molecular studies of Luckow et al. (2000, 2003) confirm that the genus belongs to Ingeae and not to Acacieae; the shape of the ripe pods inspired the common name ' apple-ring acacia '
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Faidherbia albida (Delile) A.Chev. (winter thorn ; see Barnes & Fagg (2003) for review of vernacular names) is used in agroforestry, for livestock fodder, medicine, famine food (humans), shelter and shade trees (unusual in being leafless during the rainy season and leafy during the dry season), hedges, and timber (for light construction, utensils, tools, containers and fences); the bark, roots and powdered pods have been used as a fish poison; bark strips are used (like dental floss) to clean teeth; in some areas a popular ornamental and is said to be an indicator of fertile sites

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ascension, Cape Verde, Cyprus, India, Pakistan, Yemen

    Faidherbia A.Chev. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chase, M.W. [40913] K000696084

    First published in Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14: 876 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0