1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Catharanthus G.Don

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Herbs, perennial or annual, often woody at the base, branched to a varying degree.
    Leaves
    Leaves herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, opposite, mucronate, with a fringe or intra- and interpetiolar colleters.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, but apparently lateral due to pseudomonopodial continuation of the stem by alternating development of one of the axillary buds of the apical pair of leaves, 1–2-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly to very narrowly oblong, subulate, eglandular.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple, red, pink, or white, hypocrateriform; tube laxly puberulous or glabrous, constricted and woolly to velvety at the throat; lobes spreading, obliquely obovate, spiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at the widest portion of the corolla-tube (usually above the middle); anthers oblong obtuse at the base.
    Pistil
    Ovary of two very narrowly oblong carpels; disk composed of two narrowly triangular to narrowly oblong glands, the bases of which touch each other at the abaxial sides of the carpels; style filiform; clavuncula cylindrical, at the base provided with a reflexed hyaline frill; ovules numerous.
    Fruits
    Fruit composed of two follicles; follicles cylindrical, acute.
    Seeds
    Seed black, oblong; testa rugose; hilum lateral; cotyledons flat, shorter than the radicle; endosperm scanty.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Madagascar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, St.Helena, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Catharanthus G.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Hist. 4: 95 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —Pichon in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 27: 237 (1948).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Plaizier in Meded. Landb. Wag. 81-9: 2 (1981).
    • Markgraf in Fl. Madag., Apocynac.: 140 (1976).
    • Codd in Fl. Southern Afr. 26: 267(1963).
    • Gen. Syst. 4: 95 (1837).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0