1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Guibourtia Benn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Cuba, Brazil to Paraguay.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Unarmed evergreen trees
    Leaves
    Leaves with a single pair of leaflets, or rarely (not in East Africa) with a single leaflet; stipules free, usually small and caducous; leaflets opposite, asymmetric, usually with numerous pellucid gland-dots
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate; flowers sessile or pedicellate, spirally arranged along the spicate or racemose ultimate branches; bracteoles small, persistent or falling before the flowers open
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, imbricate (2 outer, 2 inner)
    Corolla
    Petals 0
    Stamens
    Stamens (8–)10(–12, fide Léonard); filaments free, glabrous
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate or sessile; ovules 2–4; style elongate, ending in a capitate stigma
    Fruits
    Pods indehiscent or (not in East Africa) dehiscent along one suture, compressed, thick or thin
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary, large.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Vernacular
    bubinga, akume, ovangkol, hyedua
    Habit
    Trees or shrubs
    Ecology
    Tropical lowland (sometimes swampy or seasonally inundated) rain forest, seasonally dry forest, woodland, bushland and thicket, often along rivers and on sandy soils
    Distribution
    Africa (Guinea-Congolean WC Africa [7 spp.]; dryland S tropical Zambezian [c. 3 spp.] and N tropical Sudanian [1 sp.] regions, and c. 2 spp. in Zanzibar-Inhambane E Africa), with a single neotropical species disjunct between Cuba and seasonally dry E Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia
    Note
    Moderately well supported as sister to Hymenaea by Herendeen et al. (2003a); see taxonomic notes under Hymenaea. Barneby (1996) united a number of S American species occupying discontinuous, seasonally dry distributions under the single species G. hymenaeifolia (Moric.) J.Léonard
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock & R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, evergreen, unarmed.
    Leaves
    Leaves unijugate, elsewhere sometimes unifoliolate and in G. conjugata leaflets occasionally fused; leaflets with a main nerve and sometimes several secondary lateral nerves from the base, often with pellucid gland dots; petiolule ± twisted (the distal margin of the leaflet arising higher and in a different plane); stipules small, falling very early.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate, of groups of spikes.
    Flowers
    Flowers spirally arranged on the inflorescence axis; bracts small, caducous or subpersistent; bracteoles 2, small, caducous or subpersistent, not enclosing the bud.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 4, unequal (2 outer, 2 inner), imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens usually 10; filaments alternately long and short in the bud; anthers dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate or sessile; ovules usually 2; style elongate, filiform; stigma terminal, capitate.
    Fruits
    Pods suborbicular or obliquely elliptic, either coriaceous and tardily dehiscent, or chartaceous and indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1(2) without an areole, with a fleshy aril enveloping the seed, or without.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Various species used for timber ( bubinga, akume, ovangkol, hyedua ), e.g., in high quality furniture, cabinet work, joinery, panelling, veneers, heavy carpentry, implement handles, boat masts, for firewood and charcoal; gum-copal (for incense, coating pills, varnishes, illuminants and mosquito repellents), medicine, fish poisons and (in at least one species) edible seeds

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Congo, Cuba, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Guibourtia Benn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [104], Cameroon K000460234
    Onochie, C.F.A. [30898], Cameroon K000092768
    Onochie, C.F.A. [30898], Cameroon K000092769

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 149 (1857)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 20: 269–284 (1950).
    • Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 19: 391–406 (1949)
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 1: 149 (1857)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. État 19: 400–406 (1949), in Bull. Jard. Bot. État 20: 269–284 (1950).
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 1: 290 (1857).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Mém. 8°, Classe Sci., Acad. Roy. Belg. 30(2): 137 (1957)
    • J. Léon., Étude Botanique des Copaliers du Congo Belge (Publ. I.N.E.A.C., Ser. Scient. 45): 67 (1950)
    • J. Léon. in B.J.B.B. 19: 400 (1949)
    • in J.L.S. 1: 149 (1857)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0