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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Hypochaeris L.
      1. Hypochaeris radicata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Caucasus.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    A scapose perennial herb up to c. 60 cm. tall, from a stout semi-woody taproot.
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous in a basal rosette, (4)5–12(20) x 1–4 cm., oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic in outline, sinuate-dentate to pinnatilobed, obtuse to rounded at the apex, attenuate below, ± densely hispid.
    Scape
    Scapes 1 to several, usually branched, striate, glabrous or hispid; branches long ascending, remotely bracteate.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary erect, up to c. 2.5 cm. long, obconic or deeply cup-shaped.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries 3–4-seriate, the outer c. 4 x 1.5 mm., the inner to c. 18 x 2.5 mm., lanceolate, acute, ciliate above, setose-papillose along the exposed midribs otherwise glabrous, eventually reflexed.
    Receptacle
    Receptacular paleae up to c. 22 mm. long, conduplicate and enclosing the achenes, subulate above, apex drying to a brownish arista exserted above the mature pappus, glabrous.
    Florets
    Florets numerous, corollas c. 15 mm. long; corolla tube 5–6 mm. long, somewhat 5-ribbed and with an incomplete ciliate fringe where the tube splits to form the ligule, otherwise glabrous; ligule ± erect 8–9 x 2.5 mm., strap-shaped, exserted above the involucre, yellow sometimes with a greenish or reddish stripe outside, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Achenes all with long slender beaks; achene body 4–5 mm. long, cylindric-fusiform, finely c. 14-ribbed, scabridulous, tapering ± abruptly into a 4.5–7 mm. long beak; beaks of the outer achenes shorter than the inner; pappus 2-seriate, the outer pappus of short barbellate setae, the inner of plumose setae to c. 9 mm. long.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 900 - 4500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Azores, Bolivia, Canary Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Free State, Guatemala, Jamaica, Lesotho, New York, New Zealand North, Panamá, Paraguay, Sri Lanka, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Hypochaeris radicata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 205], United Kingdom K000914410
    Rambo, B. [42545], Brazil K001100143
    Wiesbaur, J.B. [s.n.], Austria K000796570
    Wiesbaur, J.B. [s.n.], Austria K000796571
    Wasum, R. [814], Brazil K001100142

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 811 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • (2019). http://www.abcjournal.org/index.php/BothaliaABC/article/view/39/33 epublication.
    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/