1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Hypochaeris L.
      1. Hypochaeris radicata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Caucasus.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    A scapose perennial herb up to c. 60 cm. tall, from a stout semi-woody taproot.
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous in a basal rosette, (4)5–12(20) x 1–4 cm., oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic in outline, sinuate-dentate to pinnatilobed, obtuse to rounded at the apex, attenuate below, ± densely hispid.
    Scape
    Scapes 1 to several, usually branched, striate, glabrous or hispid; branches long ascending, remotely bracteate.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary erect, up to c. 2.5 cm. long, obconic or deeply cup-shaped.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries 3–4-seriate, the outer c. 4 x 1.5 mm., the inner to c. 18 x 2.5 mm., lanceolate, acute, ciliate above, setose-papillose along the exposed midribs otherwise glabrous, eventually reflexed.
    Receptacle
    Receptacular paleae up to c. 22 mm. long, conduplicate and enclosing the achenes, subulate above, apex drying to a brownish arista exserted above the mature pappus, glabrous.
    Florets
    Florets numerous, corollas c. 15 mm. long; corolla tube 5–6 mm. long, somewhat 5-ribbed and with an incomplete ciliate fringe where the tube splits to form the ligule, otherwise glabrous; ligule ± erect 8–9 x 2.5 mm., strap-shaped, exserted above the involucre, yellow sometimes with a greenish or reddish stripe outside, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Achenes all with long slender beaks; achene body 4–5 mm. long, cylindric-fusiform, finely c. 14-ribbed, scabridulous, tapering ± abruptly into a 4.5–7 mm. long beak; beaks of the outer achenes shorter than the inner; pappus 2-seriate, the outer pappus of short barbellate setae, the inner of plumose setae to c. 9 mm. long.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 900 - 4500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Azores, Bolivia, Canary Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Free State, Guatemala, Jamaica, New York, New Zealand North, Panamá, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Hypochaeris radicata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 205], United Kingdom K000914410
    Rambo, B. [42545], Brazil K001100143
    Wiesbaur, J.B. [s.n.], Austria K000796570
    Wiesbaur, J.B. [s.n.], Austria K000796571
    Wasum, R. [814], Brazil K001100142

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 811 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0