1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, climbing, prostrate or sometimes erect; rootstock sometimes woody
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate or less often 1-foliolate; stipules and stipels present
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, fasciculate or sometimes in false racemes at the apex of the stems
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5-lobed; the upper pair of lobes joined to form an entire or bifid lip
    Corolla
    Corolla small to medium-sized, yellow or whitish-greenish-yellow, sometimes marked with a little reddish-purple or rarely (in a Congo species) reddish, glabrous; standard rounded or elliptic, usually auriculate and provided with 2 long linear lamelliform appendages; wings very narrow; keel not twisted
    Stamens
    Vexillary filament free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary 3–13-ovuled; style ± filiform, glabrous or shortly pubescent but not barbate; stigma terminal, ± capitate, usually with a ring of hairs surrounding it
    Fruits
    Pods straight or curved, compressed, not septate
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed; hilum short and usually central; aril slightly developed or absent.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, prostrate, climbing or occasionally erect, sometimes with a woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate or less often 1-foliolate; stipules and stipels present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary or terminal pseudoraceme or an axillary cluster.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, the upper pair of lobes partly to completely (appearing 4-lobed) fused.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, pale yellow or yellowish-green, sometimes with reddish-purple markings, small to medium-sized, glabrous; standard elliptic to broadly elliptic, auriculate and with lamelliform appendages.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free, the others fused into a sheath; anthers uniform.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3–13-ovuled; style filiform, glabrous or shortly pubescent, with a terminal capitate stigma often surrounded by a ring of hairs.
    Fruits
    Pod narrowly oblong, compressed, dehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed, with a short central hilum; aril poorly developed or absent.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    Placed in subtribe Phaseolinae, sister to Dolichos and Nesphostylis (Thulin et al., 2004)
    Habit
    Herbs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical and subtropical woodland, wooded grassland, bushland, thicket and grassland, from swamps, rocky outcrops to dunes
    Distribution
    Africa (mostly Zambezian and Sudanian to Somalia-Masai regions; 23 spp.), Macaronesia, Arabia, Madagascar, Indian Ocean Islands; 1 sp. endemic to Indian subcontinent, introduced elsewhere
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used as pasture legumes ( M. axillare (E.Mey.) Verdc. [Archer Dolichos] , and M. uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. [horsegram] ); also for fodder, green manure, medicine and human food (pulse) crops, including Kersting's groundnut, M. geocarpum (Harms) Maréchal & Baudet

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia, Jawa, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

    Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 38, part 4: 1–138 (1982).
    • in Taxon 27: 221 (1978)
    • in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in K.B. 24: 322, 400 (1970)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0