1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Neorautanenia Schinz

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    Traditionally placed in subtribe Phaseolinae, but current research by Delgado Salinas, Thulin, Pasquet, Weeden and Lavin suggests this should be in the Glycininae
    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical open woodland, bushland, wooded grassland and grassland, often in rocky places
    Distribution
    Africa (Zambezian, Sudanian and Somalia-Masai regions)
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Prostrate trailers or lianes, more rarely erect subshrubs, from an extensive rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, very unusually 1-foliolate or 4–5-foliolate; stipules not spurred, persistent; stipels present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, falsely racemose, the flowers in fascicles along the rhachis which is slightly thickened at the insertion of the pedicels; bracts soon falling; bracteoles absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped, the lower lip 3-fid, the upper pair of lobes joined to form a bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Corolla rather small; standard round, auriculate at the base, without appendages, glabrous; wings long-spurred at the junction of blade and claw.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free or fused at the base; anthers uniform.
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, 3–8-ovuled, with a thickened glabrous area forming a small boss at the base of the style; style thickened below, bent over at an angle of up to 90°, glabrous; stigma small, capitate, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong to oblong, dehiscent, usually septate.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–8, subglobose or ovoid-oblong, compressed; hilum short; a small cartilaginous funicle remnant persisting.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Prostrate trailers or lianes, more rarely erect subshrubs, from an extensive rootstock
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules not spurred, persistent; stipels present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, falsely racemose, the flowers in fascicles along the rhachis which is slightly thickened at the insertion of the pedicels; bracts soon falling; bracteoles absent
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped, the lower lip 3-fid, the upper pair of lobes joined to form a bifid lip
    Corolla
    Corolla rather small; standard round, auriculate at the base, without appendages, glabrous; wings long-spurred at the junction of blade and claw
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, 3–8-ovuled, with a thickened glabrous area forming a small boss at the base of the style; style thickened below, bent over at a right-angle, glabrous; stigma small, capitate, glabrous
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong to oblong, dehiscent, septate
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–8, subglobose or ovoid-oblong, compressed; hilum short; a small cartilaginous funicle-remnant persisting.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    The tuberous roots have insecticidal properties and plants are used as fish poisons (roots also known to kill bilharzia-carrying freshwater snails)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Neorautanenia Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7986], Tanzania 23772.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7384], Tanzania 24529.000

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 35 (1899)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss 7: 35 (1899)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 24: 300–307 (1970).
    • in Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 35 (1899).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 24: 300 (1970)
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 7: 35 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0