1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Scutachne Hitchc. & Chase
      1. Scutachne dura (Griseb.) Hitchc. & Chase

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 40-70 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Leaves basal and cauline. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 4-6 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; spinulose. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 6-10 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Panicle branches stiff; straight. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform, or oblong; unequal; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; 0.5 mm long; base obtuse. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; 0.5 mm long; base obtuse. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; coriaceous; dark brown; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; coriaceous; 5 -veined; pubescent; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex rostrate; pubescent. Palea 1 length of lemma; indurate; 2 -veined. Palea apex acuminate.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica

    Scutachne dura (Griseb.) Hitchc. & Chase appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wright, C. [1539], Cuba K000309366 paratype

    First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 24: 149 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0