Skip to main content
  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Mikania Willd.
      1. Mikania chenopodiifolia Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Shrub to 5–9 m; stem terete to sub-angled, somewhat branched, sometimes sub-winged, brown to reddish brown, glabrous to pubescent, sometimes hairy at nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole 1.1–7.5 cm, sparsely hairy to pubescent, blade ovate, cordate, 2.2–10 cm long, 1.1–6.7 cm wide, base auriculate, sub-sagittate to hastate, margins dentate to laxly serrate, ± revolute, apex acuminate to long-acuminate, glabrous or sparsely hairy above, glabrous or sparsely hairy to sometimes pubescent and glandular-punctate beneath, usually with 3 distinct and 2 less distinct raised veins originating from the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense, leafy corymb on an axillary peduncle, 2.5–16 cm long, branched, clusters of capitula arranged in panicles; capitula 6–8.5 mm long, 2–3 mm in diameter; stalks of individual capitula 1.5–6 mm; phyllaries green, sometimes with purplish tinge, equal, narrowly lanceolate, boat-shaped, 4.5–8 mm long, sometimes appearing swollen at the base, apical margins shortly fimbriate, glabrous to pubescent, sometimes glandular.
    Flowers
    Corolla 3.5–5 mm long, white, glandular, especially at lobes, lobes short, triangular, margins thickened; anthers with lanceolate appendages, 1–21/2 times longer than wide, protruding beyond corolla lobes; style exserted for ± 1–2.6 mm.
    Fruits
    Achenes fawn to brown or black, 2–3 mm, glandular; small carpopodium evident, cream to straw-coloured; pappus 3–6 mm, minutely barbellate, connate at base.
    Figures
    Fig. 183 (page 836).
    Habitat
    Widespread, in forest, swamp forest, on river-banks, and bamboo edges; ± 0–3000 m
    Distribution
    K1/K4 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Mikania chenopodiifolia Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Mwangoka, M.A. [4123], Tanzania K000614917
    Feb 1, 2008 Mwangoka, M.A. [3255], Tanzania K000438241
    Jan 1, 2008 Festo et al. [2882], Tanzania K000449709
    Jan 1, 2008 Asongani, J.N. [1299], Cameroon K000436817
    Jun 1, 2007 Burgt, X.M. van der [896], Cameroon K000460251
    Jul 1, 2005 Harvey, Y.B. [140], Cameroon K000199822
    Jul 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [196], Cameroon K000199821
    Jan 1, 2004 Cable, S. [3748], Cameroon K000108757
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [1321], Cameroon K000108759
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4706], Cameroon K000746659
    Jan 1, 2004 Ryan, P. [382], Cameroon K000108758
    Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1030], Cameroon K000746662
    Jan 1, 2004 Biye, E. [80], Cameroon K000746661
    Jul 1, 2001 Lane, P. [224], Cameroon K000108669
    Jul 1, 2001 Lane, P. [473], Cameroon K000108664
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7541], Cameroon K000108666
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7047], Cameroon K000108665
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7691], Cameroon K000108685
    Jul 1, 2001 Cable, S. [874], Cameroon K000108663
    Jul 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2549], Cameroon K000108667
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4429], Cameroon K000108672
    Jul 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [57], Cameroon K000108671
    Jul 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [125], Cameroon K000108668
    Jul 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [170], Cameroon K000108673
    Jul 1, 2001 Biye, E. [22], Cameroon K000108670
    Jan 1, 1974 Keay, R.W.J. [28640], Cameroon K000051858
    Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28470], Cameroon K000051867
    Morton, J.K. [698], Cameroon K000051859
    Maitland, T.D. [299], Cameroon K000051863
    Hutchinson, J. [153], Cameroon K000051868
    Mann, G. [1326], Cameroon K000051860
    Mann, G. [1924], Cameroon K000051857
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6990], Cameroon K000051872
    Mwangoka, M.A. [4255], Tanzania K000614915
    Dunlap [108], Cameroon K000051861
    Mwangulango, N.A. [1259], Tanzania K000612938
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614515
    Abeid, Y.S. [2217], Tanzania K000614882
    Kibure, O.A. [1059], Tanzania K000612974
    Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10809], Cameroon K000051862
    Migeod, F. W. H. [44], Cameroon K000051864
    Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1844], Cameroon K000051869
    Jan 1, 1974 Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Mikania capensis K000273408
    Jan 1, 1974 Drege [s.n.], South Africa Mikania capensis K000273407
    Jan 1, 1974 Drege [s.n.], South Africa Mikania capensis K000273409
    Burchell [3674], Swaziland Mikania capensis K000273406 isolectotype
    Welwitsch [3400], Angola Mikania capensis K000273405

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 3: 1745 (1803)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Lisowski, Aster. Afr. Centr. 2: 460 (1991).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 573 (1985).
    • W.C. Holmes in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 103: 221, fig. 5 & 6 (map) (1982).
    • Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1745 (1803).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0