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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Mikania Willd.
      1. Mikania sagittifera B.L.Rob.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Shrub to 2 m; stem little branched, straw-coloured to reddish brown, terete to sub-angled, glabrous to pubescent, more densely so at nodes, with simple, short, multicellular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, with petiole 0.6–3.3 cm, blade distinctly sagittate, 1.5–6.3(–9.5) cm long, 0.4–3.2 cm wide, margins minutely toothed to serrate, apex long-acuminate, upper surface glabrous to very sparsely pubescent, lower surface glandular-punctate, glabrous to pubescent usually with 3 distinct and 2 less distinct veins originating from the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense, leafy corymb on an axillary peduncle 3.5–9.3 cm long, branched, clusters of capitula in panicles; capitula 6–8 mm long, 1.5–2 mm diameter; stalks of individual capitula up to 6 mm long, becoming pendulous after fruit dispersal; phyllaries equal, light green, sometimes with lilac tinge, chaffy, lanceolate, boat-shaped, 3-veined, 4–7 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, apical margins fimbriate, glabrous to sparsely hairy at base.
    Flowers
    Corolla 3.5–4.5 mm long, dull white, with scattered glands, lobes acute, less than 1 mm long, margins thickened; anthers purplish, with white, lanceolate appendages, protruding beyond corolla lobes; style-arms exserted for ± 2–3 mm.
    Fruits
    Achenes brown-black, 1–2 mm long, glandular, carpopodium evident, cream to straw-coloured; pappus 3–5 mm long, barbellate, connate at base, ± spreading.
    Habitat
    Swampy forest and papyrus or sedge swamps; 900–1850 m
    Distribution
    K3 T1 T4 T7 U1 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Ethiopia, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Arrow-leaved mikania

    Other Data

    Mikania sagittifera B.L.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1974 Dinter [7238] K000273402
    Nov 13, 1934 Van Sow, G. [28729], Botswana K000273403 Unknown type material
    Baum, H. [679], Angola K000273404 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Contr. Gray Herb. 104: 68 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Lisowski, Aster. Afr. Centr. 2: 466 (1991).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 573, fig. 174/4 (1985).
    • W.C. Holmes in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 103: 242, fig. 15 (1982).
    • B.L.Rob. in Contr. Gray Herb. 104: 68 (1934).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/