1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Pseudarthria Wight & Arn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate (abnormally subpalmately 5-foliolate); stipules free, lanceolate, striate; stipels present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate, the flowers paired or fasciculate on the rhachis; bracts narrow; bracteoles absent or minute and soon deciduous
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal, the upper pair almost entirely joined to form a lip
    Corolla
    Corolla small, purple or white, glabrous; standard rounded or obovate, narrowed into a claw; wings free from the keel, auriculate
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen entirely free in fully opened flowers; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or stipitate, many-ovuled; style filiform, recurved at the apex, glabrous; stigma terminal, capitate
    Fruits
    Pods narrowly linear-oblong, much flattened, the sutures often sinuate between the seeds, not articulate but splitting into 2 thin reticulate valves
    Seeds
    Seeds subreniform, compressed, almost without an aril; funicle elongated.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate, the flowers paired or fasciculate on the rhachis; bracts narrow; bracteoles absent or minute and soon deciduous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal, the upper pair almost entirely joined to form a lip.
    Corolla
    Corolla small, purple or white, glabrous; standard rounded or obovate, narrowed into a claw; wings free from the keel, auriculate.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen entirely free in fully opened flowers; anthers uniform.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or stipitate, many-ovuled; style filiform, recurved at the apex, glabrous; stigma terminal, capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit narrowly linear-oblong, much flattened, the sutures often sinuate between the seeds, not articulate but splitting into 2 thin reticulate valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds subreniform, compressed, almost without an aril; funicle elongated.
    Habit
    Erect perennial herbs or subshrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate (abnormally subpalmately 5-foliolate); stipules free, lanceolate, striate; stipels present.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Habit
    Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical forest margins, grassland, open or disturbed areas
    Distribution
    Africa (2-3 spp.), India and Malesia (1 sp.)
    Note
    With further research traditional estimates of 4-6 spp. in Pseudarthria may be reduced; a number of African species may be better treated as infraspecific variants of P. hookeri Wight & Arn.; this genus was placed in tribe Pseudarthrieae (Hutchinson 1964) or subtribe Pseudarthriinae of tribe Desmodieae (Praminik & Thothathri, 1989)

    The tribe Desmodieae as treated by Ohashi et al. (1981) comprised 27 genera and c. 540 species in three subtribes, the Bryinae, Desmodiinae and Lespedezinae. Molecular analyses by Bailey et al. (1997) and Doyle et al. (2000) show that Bryinae has affinities elsewhere; Lavin et al. (2001a) place it within the Pterocarpus clade of the Dalbergieae sens. lat. (see page 309). The Bryinae are therefore removed from the Desmodieae here, as are two genera formerly placed in subtribe Lespedezinae; Phylacium Benn. and Neocollettia Hemsl., which are moved to tribe Phaseoleae (see page 393) on morphological, palynological and molecular evidence (Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001). The two remaining subtribes of Desmodieae are recognised in this treatment as three groups, the Lespedeza, Phyllodium and Desmodium groups, based on results of an analysis of the chloroplast gene rbcL (Kajita et al., 2001). The Phyllodium and Desmodium groups correspond to subtribe Desmodiinae, and the Lespedeza group to subtribe Lespedezinae (with Campylotropis now comprising 37 instead of 65 species as in Ohashi et al., 1981).

    Desmodieae as circumscribed here comprises 30 genera and (524)–527–(530) species (Fig. 48). The tribe occurs in the tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of the world, but extends into the cool temperate and sub-boreal regions of E Asia and N America (except W of the Rocky Mountains). At generic level subtribe Desmodiinae is most diverse in tropical S and SE Asia (Dy Phon et al., 1994), while temperate E Asia (Yang & Huang, 1995) and N America (Isely, 1998) are the centres of diversity of subtribe Lespedezinae. The tribe occurs widely from coastal to montane areas, but not at high altitudes. Species are most commonly shrubs or subshrubs, sometimes herbs, rarely trees and are usually erect and 3-foliolate.

    The Desmodieae have been considered similar to tribe Phaseoleae (Polhill, 1981a) and were recently shown to be a monophyletic lineage included within Phaseoleae sens. lat. (Fig. 47, page 394), closely related to subtribe Kennediinae (Doyle & Doyle, 1993, Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997) and possibly sister to Mucuna (Bailey et al., 1997; Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Jamaica

    Pseudarthria Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 209 (1834)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 167.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kirkia 9: 534 (1974).
    • Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 24: 64 (1970)
    • Schindler in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 2: (1914).
    • Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 209 (1834).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Schindl. in F.R., Beih. 2 (1914)
    • Prodr. Fl. Pen. Ind. Or. 1: 209 (1834)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0