1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Pseudeminia Verdc.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical woodland, thicket, bushland, wooded grassland and scrubland or in old cultivated areas
    Distribution
    Africa (Zambezian region)
    Note
    Pseudeminia and the closely related Pseudovigna Verdc. are placed in subtribe Glycininae on molecular data (Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 2000; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001)

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Robust perennial climber or forming spreading tangled mats
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, petiolate; stipules and stipels persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense axillary false racemes, the flowers paired; bracts conspicuous, protruding from the inflorescence; secondary bracts present at the base of the pedicels; bracteoles 2, filiform
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, the lobes drawn out into long filiform points which are not gland-tipped, the upper lobes connate at the base or for up to half their length
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, markedly auriculate; appendages reduced to small ridges
    Stamens
    Vexillary filament free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary fusiform, hirsute; style filiform and hairy in lower half, then horizontally dilated, the apical part again filiform or bent at a right-angle above the dilation
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, compressed, 2-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly oblong-reniform, compressed; hilum round; rim-aril small, with a conspicuous bent cartilaginous funicle-remnant persistent.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Trailing or climbing perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stems covered in ferruginous or golden hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets lobed; stipules and stipels present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences many-flowered, dense axillary pseudoracemes; bracts conspicuous, secondary bracts present, bracteoles filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, pilose, the lobes sharply narrowing to terminate in a filiform point, the upper pair connate for up to half their length, not gland-tipped.
    Corolla
    Corolla medium sized; standard elliptic, auriculate.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free.
    Pistil
    Ovary spindle-shaped, hairy; style filfiform, geniculate, hairy for most of its length, widening slightly at the knee, then filiform and glabrous with a terminal stigma.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong, compressed, hairy, dehiscent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, essentially oblong to reniform; rim aril small, funicle remnant persistant.
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used for ground cover; roots with saponins used for soap

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Central African Repu, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Pseudeminia Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 393 (1970)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kew Bull. 24: 393, fig. 5 (1970).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in K.B. 24: 393 (1970)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0