1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senna Mill.
      1. Senna spectabilis (DC.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Mexico to S. Tropical America.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Bruscon, Canafistola Macho, Canchin, Candelilla, Candelillo, Carnaval, Chiquichique, Flor De Los Muertos, Flor De Todos Los Santos, Frijolillo, Golden Shower, Kaha-Kona, Munjal-kona, Ramo, Tarantan, Vasito Sucio, Velero, Yuto
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Tree to 10 m or more.
    Branches
    Branchlets smooth, dark brown, puberulous to tomentellous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules 7–9 [4–10] mm long, linear, caducous; petiole 3.5–4 [1–3.5] cm long, pubescent, eglandular;>i> rachis 13–28 [12–36] cm long, pubescent, eglandular;>i> leaflets in 10–12 pairs, [(8)11–19(20)]>i> 5.5–8 × 1.8–2.5 [3–9.5 × 1.1–2.7] cm, the lowest pairs somewhat smaller, ovate,>i> acute, base symmetrical, cuneate, appressed-hairy beneath, sparsely appressed-puberulous above.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences large terminal panicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, dimorphic, the outer two 5–6 × 4 mm, broadly ovate-elliptic, the inner three larger, 8–9 mm in diameter, suborbicular, almost glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals dimorphic, golden-yellow, dark-veined when dry; four 17–19 × 14–16 mm, broadly obovate; one obovate, turned at right angles above the claw, larger than the rest.>i> Stamens 10; seven fertile with anthers c.5 mm long, and three apparently sterile with reduced flattened bilobed anthers.>i> Ovary 12–15 mm long, glabrous; style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod black, 16–30 × 0.9–1.2 cm, terete or subquadrate, straight, glabrous, pendulous, very tardily dehiscent along one suture, many-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, 5–7 × 3.5–5 mm, broadly obovate in outline, with elliptic areoles on each broad face.
    Note
    (Measurements and figures in square brackets are those for South America, from Irwin & Barneby 1982)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Gabon, Gambia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Kenya, Leeward Is., Malawi, New Guinea, Nigeria, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Senna spectabilis (DC.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2015 Rojas, R. [1347], Peru K001105541
    Jan 1, 2015 Killeen, T. [4470], Bolivia K001105540
    Jan 1, 2015 Arroyo, L. [3161], Bolivia K001105539
    Jan 1, 2015 Suclli, E. [1076], Peru K001105543
    Jan 1, 2015 Galiano, W. [6670], Peru K001105542
    Jan 1, 2015 Hernani, L. [240], Peru K001134586
    Jan 1, 2015 Vásquez M., Rodolfo [34071], Peru K001134590
    Dec 5, 2012 Saldias, M. [5195], Bolivia K000556644
    Apr 7, 2010 Wood, J.R.I. [9413], Bolivia K000556645
    Jan 1, 2005 Vargas, Homero [4964], Ecuador K000556639
    Mar 1, 2002 Lozano, Pablo [1168], Ecuador K000556637
    Mar 1, 2000 Ribeiro, T. [80], Bahia K000841175
    Nov 1, 1999 Klitgaard, B.B. [546], Ecuador K000556662
    Oct 1, 1999 Lozano, Pablo [852], Ecuador K000556638
    Jan 1, 1994 Vargas, E. [4049], Bolivia K000556640
    Jan 1, 1991 Nee, M. [40608], Bolivia K000556648
    Jan 1, 1988 Seidel, R. [2445], Bolivia K000556646
    Jan 1, 1988 Neill, David [8041], Ecuador K000556636
    Jan 1, 1988 Nee M. [36282], Bolivia K000556647
    Jan 1, 1987 Nee, M. [34185], Bolivia K000556643
    Jan 1, 1987 St.G. Beck [13381], Bolivia K000556641
    Jan 1, 1986 St.G. Beck [12118], Bolivia K000556642
    Jan 1, 1980 Eggers, H. [15549], Ecuador K001134272
    Jan 1, 1980 Bang, A.M. [2822], Bolivia K001134273
    Jan 1, 1980 Bang, A.M. [s.n.], Bolivia K001134274
    Jan 1, 1980 Bang, A.M. [2823], Bolivia K001134275
    Rico, L. [1470b], Bolivia K000295358
    Holm-Nielsen, L. [22890], Ecuador K000556635
    Andrade, K. [328], Pernambuco K000841176
    Andrade, K. [328], Pernambuco K000841177
    Andrade, K. [328], Pernambuco K000841178
    Andrade, K. [357], Pernambuco K000841179
    Claussen, P. [1863], Minas Gerais K000841183
    Claussen, P. [39], Minas Gerais K000841184
    Mexia, Y. [6008], Pará K000841181
    Glaziou, A. [12615], Rio de Janeiro K000841180
    Glaziou [10648], Rio de Janeiro K000841182
    Owens, S.J., USA Cassia spectabilis 54097.000

    First published in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 600 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Souza, V.C. & al. (2016). Flora dos Estados de Goiás e Tocantins 48: 1-147. Universidade federal de Goiás.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/