1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Setaria P.Beauv.
      1. Setaria cernua Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled; glabrous on surface, or pilose; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20-40 cm long; 8-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 10-30 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; 0.5-3 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base; sterile at the tips. Panicle branches terminating in a 3-4 mm long bristle. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3-5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 1.7 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Herrman 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador

    Setaria cernua Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1867 Spruce, R. [5814], Ecuador K000201710
    Spruce, R. [5814], Ecuador K000201711

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 111 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0