1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Strongylodon Vogel

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Indian Ocean, Tropical Asia to S. Pacific.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    A genus in the unnatural subtribe Erythrininae, basally branching to subtribes Glycininae and Phaseolinae; Bruneau et al. (1995) place Strongylodon sister to the Phaseolinae, while Doyle et al. (2003) have it sister to the Glycininae; Huang (1991) distinguishes four sections in the genus; S. perrieri R.Vig. is now in Sylvichadsia (Millettieae)
    Habit
    Lianas up to 40 m high
    Ecology
    Tropical rain forest, thicket or secondary vegetation, often in swamps or near water
    Distribution
    Madagascar (2 spp.), Réunion, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isles, E Malesia, Papuasia, Pacifica, N Australia mainly in Philippines
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used as ornamentals, notably the jade vine, S. macrobotrys A.Gray

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bismarck Archipelago, Christmas I., Fiji, Madagascar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Tonga, Vanuatu

    Introduced into:

    India, Malaya, Trinidad-Tobago

    Strongylodon Vogel appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milliken, W. [894], Indonesia 62760.000

    First published in Linnaea 10: 585 (1836)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0