1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Pasaccardoa Kuntze
      1. Pasaccardoa grantii Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    An erect slender to laxly bushy annual herb, 20–35 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems leafy, araneose-lanate to roughly puberulous; branches ascending-divaricate, to c. 20 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petioles to c. 1.2 cm. long; lamina sub-membranous mostly 3.5–7 x 1–2.4 cm., elliptic-oblanceolate, ± obtuse at the apex and cuneate below, margins serrulate with minute callose teeth, upper surface sparsely thinly araneose-lanate to glabrescent, lower surface greyish araneose-lanate, both surfaces densely gland-dotted.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary and terminal on branches, usually also 1 -3 arranged along the branches on axillary stalks shorter than the involucre; capitula subtended by a whorl of 3–6 large leaf-like bracts, bracts up to c. 5.5 x 1.7 cm., but usually smaller, exceeding the capitulum.
    Involucre
    Involucres mostly 8–13 x c. 15 mm., spreading to c. 25 mm. wide, obconic-campanulate.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries numerous; the outer from c. 4 mm. long, subulate-aristate, tapering into a long stiff squarrose or recurved bristle, araneose-lanate; the inner to c. 12 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, tapering to a sharply acute or somewhat aristate apex, margins minutely toothed, particularly near the apex.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle deeply alveolate, the pits to c. 2.5 mm. deep, paleae absent.
    Ray
    Ray-florets neuter, corollas deep-red or creamy-white, up to c. 14 mm. long, cleft almost to the base, ray erect, narrowly oblanceolate, 3-fid, sparsely glandular outside; ovary rudimentary, 4–5 mm. long, subterete or somewhat swollen near the base; pappus of many spreading chartaceous narrowly lanceolate scales 0.5–4 mm. long.
    Florets
    Disk-floret corollas deep-red or creamy-white, tubular in the lower c. 2 mm., abruptly dilated into a deeply lobed cylindric to conical limb 4–5 mm. long, lobes to c. 4 mm. long, linear, recurved at the apex, glandular outside; anther tube reddish-purple, the conical Up exserted. Ray-florets neuter, corollas deep-red or creamy-white, up to c. 14 mm. long, cleft almost to the base, ray erect, narrowly oblanceolate, 3-fid, sparsely glandular outside; ovary rudimentary, 4–5 mm. long, subterete or somewhat swollen near the base; pappus of many spreading chartaceous narrowly lanceolate scales 0.5–4 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk-floret corollas deep-red or creamy-white, tubular in the lower c. 2 mm., abruptly dilated into a deeply lobed cylindric to conical limb 4–5 mm. long, lobes to c. 4 mm. long, linear, recurved at the apex, glandular outside; anther tube reddish-purple, the conical Up exserted.
    Fruits
    Achenes 6–8 mm. long, subcylindric, 10-ribbed with numerous stiff white hairs ± appressed in the grooves, hairs near the base of the achene shorter more robust and spreading; pappus several-seriate of numerous spreading narrowly lanceolate chartaceous scales 0.5–4 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual, erect ± branching herb up to 25 cm tall; stems at first with white or grey tomentum, glabrescent, purple.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblanceolate, 3–7 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, attenuate to a short petioloid base, margins minutely acutely serrulate, apex obtuse and apiculate, green, glabrous and gland-dotted above, pale green to white tomentose beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula terminal and in the upper leaf axils, subsessile; involucre long-ovoid, deep purple with white tomentum, 13–20 mm long; phyllaries numerous (± 95–100), often dark red, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, acuminate-pungent, the outer recurving, with minute marginal teeth and long-pungent apices, the inner erect, broader, entire, the longest ± 12 mm long; receptacle deeply alveolate, alveoli with long laciniate membranous margins.
    Florets
    Ray florets 11–14; corolla very dark reddish purple or maroon, 8–12.5 mm long, rays broadly oblong, obtuse, minutely 3-toothed, 7–11.5 mm long, 2.5–4 mm wide; disc florets ± 10–20; corolla very dark reddish purple or maroon, glabrous, glandular, 6–7 mm long, lobes narrowly oblong, acute, 3–3.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes of disc florets 5.5–6 mm long, with a dense basal tuft of long coarse ascending white hairs and finer ascending hairs between the ribs; pappus 3.5–4 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland; 750–1400 m
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Pasaccardoa grantii Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5565], Tanzania K000468859
    Kassner [2592], Congo K000252284 Unknown type material
    Kassner [2615], Congo K000252285 Unknown type material
    Speke and Grant, Capt's. [170], Tanzania K000252282 Unknown type material

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 354 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 27 (1992).
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 536, fig. 108 (1991).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 21: 208 (1967).
    • Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 355 (1891).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0