1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Taralea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    The earlier affinities of this group of genera are discussed by Polhill (1981c). The analysis of Pennington et al. (2001) confirms that the three genera of Dipterygeae form a monophyletic group which is sister to elements within Swartzieae sens. lat. and Sophoreae sens. lat. (Fig. 30). The Amazonian genus Monopteryx (treated here in tribe Sophoreae) may belong with this group (Lima, pers. comm.). Two of the three genera in Dipterygeae are essentially Amazonian wet forest in distribution (Dipteryx also occurring in Central America with a single species to drier areas in central Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay), while Pterodon inhabits the drier areas of east and central Brazil and east Bolivia. Wood anatomy has proved diagnostic, particularly in distinguishing between Dipteryx and Taralea (Gasson, 1999), and this has underpinned the conclusions of Lewis & Gasson (2000). The tribe as treated here comprises c. 22 species.

    Vernacular
    tarala
    Habit
    Trees and shrubs
    Ecology
    Tropical lowland rain forest (riverine and non-inundated or inundated plains) to seasonally dry forest (sometimes on white sand), woodland and marshes; also 1-2 spp. in montane forest and open moist woodland to scrub on sandstone
    Distribution
    Amazonian S America (Venezuela (4 spp.), the Guianas, Amazonian Brazil, Columbia and Peru)
    [LOWO]
    Use
    The very hard wood is suitable for construction and firewood; T. oppositifolia Aubl. (cumaru-da-praia) contains an unscented oil extracted for industrial use

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Taralea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schultes, R.E. [8097A], Brazil K000892165
    Pruski, J. [3355], Brazil K000892168
    Almeida, S. [670], Brazil K000892166
    Almeida, S. [670], Brazil K000892167

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 745 (1775)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0