1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genlisea A.St.-Hil.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Rootless perennial or annual herbs of wet places.
    Stem
    Stem short, subterranean, erect or decumbent.
    Leaves
    Leaves dimorphic, persistent at anthesis; foliage leaves petioled, entire, linear-lanceolate to spathulate or circular, glabrous or rarely hairy, densely or laxly rosulate from the upper part of the stem; pitcher leaves (traps) more or less densely congested on the lower part of the stem and decending into the substrate and consisting of a stalk and a slender tube, cylindrical from an ellipsoid base and terminating in two ribbon-like helically twisted arms and tube provided internally with transverse rows of stiff inwardly directed hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal and arising from the leaf-rosette, racemose, bracteate; peduncle simple or branched above, erect, usually glandular or hispid, rarely completely glabrous, provided with more or less numerous sterile bracts (scales); raceme congested to more or less elongated, few-many-flowered; pedicels usually considerably longer than the bracts, erect at anthesis, erect, spreading or strongly decurved in fruit, glandular, hispid or glabrous.
    Bracteoles
    Bracts basifixed; bracteoles 2, inserted with the bract at the base of the pedicel.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 5, subequal, slightly accrescent, densely glandular to hispid or glabrous. Calyx lobes 5, subequal, slightly accrescent, densely glandular to hispid or glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla bilabiate, glandular, hispid or glabrous, blue, violet, mauve, yellow or white; superior lip more or less erect, entire or bilobed; inferior lip larger, spurred at the base; palate raised and more or less gibbous, limb spreading or deflexed, more or less deeply 3-lobed; spur acute or obtuse, shorter than to longer than the inferior lip.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted at the base of the corolla; filaments falcate; anthers dorsifixed, ellipsoid, the thecae more or less confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, glandular, hispid or glabrous, style short, indistinct; stigma bilabiate; inferior lip about as broad as the ovary, semi-circular; superior lip more or less obsolete; ovules numerous, sessile on a fleshy free basal placenta, anatropous.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, valvate or uniquely multiple-circumscissile, the lower most line of dehiscence approximately equatorial and with two others between it and the persistent style.
    Seeds
    Seeds exalbuminous, numerous, ovoid, reticulate, with a prominent hilum at one end.
    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Rootless perennial or annual herbs of wet places
    Stem
    Stem short, subterranean, erect or decumbent
    Leaves
    Leaves dimorphic, persistent at anthesis; foliage leaves petioled, entire, linear-lanceolate to spathulate or orbicular, glabrous or rarely hairy, densely or laxly rosulate from the upper part of the stem; pitcher leaves (traps) ± densely congested on the lower part of the stem and descending into the substrate and consisting of a stalk and a slender tube, cylindrical from an ellipsoid base and terminating in 2 ribbon-like helically twisted arms, the arms and tube provided internally with transverse rows of stiff inwardly directed hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal and arising from the leaf-rosette, racemose, bracteate; scape simple or branched above, erect, usually glandular or hispid, rarely completely glabrous, provided with ± numerous sterile bracts (scales); raceme congested to ± elongated, few– many-flowered; pedicels usually considerably longer than the bracts, erect at anthesis, erect, spreading or strongly recurved in fruit, glandular, hispid or ± glabrous
    Bracts
    Bracts basifixed; bracteoles 2, inserted with the bract at the base of the pedicel
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 5, subequal, slightly accrescent, densely glandular to hispid or glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla bilabiate, glandular, hispid or glabrous, blue, violet, mauve, yellow or white; upper lip ± erect, entire or 2-lobed; lower lip larger, spurred at the base; palate raised and ± gibbous, limb spreading or deflexed, ± deeply 3-lobed; spur acute or obtuse, shorter than to longer than the lower lip
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted at the base of the corolla; filaments falcate; anthers dorsifixed, ellipsoid, the thecae ± confluent
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, glandular, hispid or glabrous; style short, indistinct; stigma bilabiate; lower lip about as broad as the ovary, semiorbicular; upper lip ± obsolete; ovules numerous, sessile on a fleshy free basal placenta, anatropous
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, uniquely multiple-circumscissile, the lowermost line of dehiscence approximately equatorial and with 2 others between it and the persistent style
    Seeds
    Seeds exalbuminous, numerous, ovoid, reticulate, with a prominent hilum at one end.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Cuba, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Genlisea A.St.-Hil. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [H52003], Brazil 58983.000
    Laessoe, T. [H53311], Brazil 57926.000
    Laessoe, T. [H53309], Brazil 57963.000

    First published in Voy. Distr. Diam. 2: 428 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Fleischmann, A. (2012). A monograph of the genus Genlisea: 1-728. Redfern Natural History productions, Poole, England.
    • Fleischmann, A., Rivadavia, F., Minatel Gonella, P. & Heubl, G. (2011). A revision of Genlisea subgenus Tayloria (Lentibulariaceae) Phytotaxa 33: 1-40.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 497.
    • Voy. Dist. Diam. 2: 428 (1833)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in F.T.E.A., Lentibulariaceae: 23 (1973).
    • in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentibulariaceae: 53 (1972)
    • P. Taylor in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 375 (1963)
    • Stapf in Dyer F.T.A. 4: 497 (1906).
    • Voy. Dist. Diam. 2: 428 (1833).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 53 (1972)
    • Stapf in F.T.A. 4 (2): 497 (1906)
    • Voy. Distr. Diam. 2: 428 (1833)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0