1. Family: Colchicaceae DC.
    1. Colchicum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to W. Himalaya, Macaronesia, Medit. to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Plants relatively small, with a tunicated, bulb-like corm
    Stem
    Stem erect, almost absent, simple; lowermost leaf a membranous, sheathing, tubular cataphyll, not protracted into a leaf-blade, followed by a few leaves, which are basally sheathing
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly elliptic to linear
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a bracteate umbel; pedicel short, erect
    Flowers
    Flowers small and inconspicuous, overtopped by large petal-like bracts; perianth segments free, with narrow connivent claws and spreading narrow blades, concave and nectariferous at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at the base of the perianth segments; filaments filiform, thickened towards the base; anthers narrowly oblong, dorsifixed, slightly versatile, dehiscing latrorsely to introrsely by longitudinal slits
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid-ovoid; styles 3, erect, free, filiform, stigmatose at the apex, persistent
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid, septicidal, coriaceous; seeds subglobose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Niger, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Baltic States, Denmark, Kentucky, New Hampshire, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Northwest European R, Oregon, Sweden, Utah, Vermont

    Colchicum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis, P.H., Turkey 31280.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 341 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • del Hoyo, A. & Pedrola-Monfort, J. (2008). Phylogeny of Androcymbium (Colchicaceae) based on morphology and DNA sequences Plant Systematics and Evolution 273: 151-167.
    • Persson, K. (2007). Nomenclatural synopsis of the genus Colchicum (Colchicaceae), with some new species and combinations Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik 127: 165-242.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0