1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Dianella Lam. ex Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Hemerocallidaceae, C. Zimudzi & G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial herbs (or subshrubs), glabrous, rhizomatous with aerial stems.
    Roots
    Roots thick, fibrous (or tuberous).
    Stem
    Aerial stems leafy, or lower leaves sometimes reduced to scale-like leaf sheaths.
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous, sometimes equitant with bases overlapping, evenly spaced, or ± crowded toward the base of a woody stem, ± stem-sheathing or not; lamina folded together lengthwise in the lower part and opened out in upper part (the adaxial surfaces of the folded lower part fused for part or nearly all of their width), or lamina opened out and ± flattened throughout, linear.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a pedunculate panicle of loose cymes, with flowers pedicellate in raceme-like cymules, bracteate; peduncle simple, erect, ± flattened, glabrous, with leaf-like bracts; pedicels articulated immediately below the flower.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; perianth petaloid, segments (tepals) in 2 subequal whorls of 3, free, blue, purple or white, marcescent.
    Stamens
    Stamens in 2 whorls of 3; filaments glabrous, with a distal swelling (struma) adjacent to the base of the anther.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovules 2-seriate, 2–many per locule, pendulous; placentation axile; style filiform; stigma minute, capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, shiny blue, subspherical to oblong.
    Seeds
    Seeds glossy black or brown, rarely dull, obliquely obovoid; testa smooth, never papillate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, Hawaii, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Florida, Jamaica

    Dianella Lam. ex Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 41 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Clifford et al. in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 251 (1998).
    • in Fl. Austral. 45: 194 (1987).
    • Henderson in Taxon 26: 131–137, 479 (1977)
    • Schlittler in Blumea 6: 200–226 (1948).
    • J.G. Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 574 (1875).
    • Gen. Pl.: 41 (1789).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0