1. Family: Colchicaceae DC.
    1. Gloriosa L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to Malesia.

    [FTEA]

    Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Plants erect or scandent, simple or branching, with a stoloniferous corm
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite, or verticillate and clustered, sometimes falcate or ending in a tendril
    Flowers
    Flowers large and showy, solitary in leaf axils (sometimes corymbose); pedicel erect, recurved apically
    Perianth
    Perianth segments free, (strongly) reflexed, clawed at the base, sometimes falcate
    Stamens
    Stamens free; filaments filiform or sometimes flattened; anthers narrowly linear-oblong, dorsifixed, versatile, dehiscing latrorsely to extrorsely by longitudinal slits
    Pistil
    Ovary (narrowly) elliptic-oblong to oblong; style entire in the lower part, trifid towards the apex with 3 subulate forks obliquely stigmatose at the apex, bent at right angles at the base
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, loculicidal, coriaceous; seeds globose, fleshy, red.
    [FTEA]

    Colchicaceae, Kim Hoenselaar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Plants with a stoloniferous corm; stem erect, simple, leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves ± distichously arranged, the base sheathing the stem Lowermost leaf or leaves a membranous, sheathing, tubular cataphyll, not protracted into a leaf-blade
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, born in the axils of many leaves, bright-colored; pedicel recurved
    Perianth
    Perianth campanulate, perianth segments forming a small tube, otherwise free, segments nectariferous and obscurely pouch-shaped at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at the base of the perianth segments; filaments filiform; anthers narrowly linear-oblong, dorsifixed, versatile, dehiscing extrorsely by longitudinal slits
    Pistil
    Ovary globose; style erect, entire in lower part, 3-forked above, stigmas minute, capitate
    Fruits
    Capsule elliptic-oblong, septicidal, coreacious; seeds globose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Line Is., Nauru, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Queensland, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Solomon Is., Suriname, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Gloriosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 305 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Maroyi, A. (2012). The genus Gloriosa (Colchicaceae) - ethnobotany, phylogeny and taxonomy: 1-194. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 563.
    • Sp. Pl. 305 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Nordenstam in Kubitzki, Fam. & Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 183 (1998)
    • in The genus Gloriosa, Lilies and other Liliaceae 1973: 93–95 (1972)
    • Field in K.B. 25: 243–244 (1971)
    • In F.T.A. 7: 563–565 (1898)
    • Baker in J.L.S. 17 (103): 457–458 (1879)
    • in Sp. Pl. 2 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0