Skip to main content

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Erythroxylaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, the young shoots often ± markedly compressed
Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, involute in bud; stipules intrapetiolar, ± united, persistent or partially to completely deciduous
Flowers
Flowers axillary, in fascicles or solitary, heterostylous
Calyx
Sepals 5, valvate, triangular, connate and broadened at the base, ± coriaceous
Corolla
Petals white to yellowish cream, free, clawed; nectary-appendage large, usually exceeding the calyx, entire or 2–3-lobed
Stamens
Stamens with the filaments equal or unequal and then those opposite the sepals shorter, united at the base to form a deep ± persistent cup with entire or ± toothed margin
Pistil
Ovary (2–)3-locular, the locules with solitary ovules; styles free or partially united, spreading; stigmas obliquely capitate or rarely acute
Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe with the sterile locule ± apparent
Seeds
Seed oblong-ellipsoid; endosperm usually fleshy.

[FZ]

Erythroxylaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, with young shoots usually ± compressed.
Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, simple, entire, involute when young, with venation varying in prominence and degree of reticulation; stipules intrapetiolar, ± united, persistent or partially to completely deciduous or caducous.
Flowers
Flowers axillary, in fascicles or solitary, heterostylic.
Calyx
Sepals 5, valvate, triangular, connate and broadened at the base, ± coriaceous.
Corolla
Petals white to cream-yellow, free, unguiculate; nectary appendage (ligule) large, usually exceeding the calyx, entire or 2–3-lobed.
Stamens
Stamens 5 + 5, with filaments equal or unequal (antisepalous shorter than antipetalous), united in the lower part to form a deep cup with margin entire or ± denticulate.
Pistil
Ovary (2) 3-locular with 1-ovulate loculi; styles free or partially united, divergent; stigmas obliquely capitate, rarely acute.
Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, with sterile loculi ± apparent.
Seeds
Seed oblong-elliptic, usually with fleshy endosperm.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Guinea-Bissau, Kazan-retto, Taiwan

Erythroxylum P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Harley, R.M. [27720], Brazil 54777.000
Harley, R.M. [55764], Brazil K001201633
Harley, R.M. [55801], Brazil K001201634
Harley, R.M. [54792], Brazil K001201636
Harley, R.M. [54653], Brazil K001201639
Harley, R.M. [54683], Brazil K001201640
Harley, R.M. [558008], Brazil K001201644
Harley, R.M. [55792], Brazil K001201647
Harley, R.M. [55764], Brazil K001201654
Harley, R.M. [55730], Brazil K001201655
Harley, R.M. [55739], Brazil K001201656
Harley, R.M. [55739], Brazil K001201657
Ratter, J.A. [R7870v], Brazil K001201601
Ratter, J.A. [6035], Brazil K001201629
Ratter, J.A. [2421], Brazil K001201650
Silva, J.M. [3778], Brazil K001201608
Lima, H.C. [2875], Brazil K001201630
Lima, H.C. [2900], Brazil K001201631
Lima, H.C. [2907], Brazil K001201632
Lima, H.C. [6424], Brazil K001201638
Giulietti, A.M. [1576], Brazil K001201643
Souza, V.C. [5338], Brazil K001201626
Souza, V.C. [5338], Brazil K001201627
Schatz, G.E. [921], Brazil K001201625
Carvalho, A.M. [3043], Brazil K001201628
Silva, L.F. [182], Brazil K001201648
Marcon, A.B. [155], Brazil K001201589
Souza, G.M. [96], Brazil K001201606
Hora, M.J. [93], Brazil K001201605
Saar, E. [5246], Brazil K001201622
Saar, E. [5246], Brazil K001201623
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473], Brazil K001201603
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0473], Brazil K001201604
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0474], Brazil K001201618
Evans, H.C. [FOX 0472], Brazil K001201619
Oldenburger, F.H.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001201635
Nee, M. [34803], Brazil K001201600
Bridgewater, S. [S/754], Brazil K001201602
Krukoff, B.A. [9014], Brazil K001201624
Lucas, E.J. [999], Brazil K001201592
Lucas, E.J. [1075], Brazil K001201593
Lucas, E.J. [744], Brazil K001201594
Lucas, E.J. [661], Brazil K001201595
Lucas, E.J. [430], Brazil K001201596
Mori, S. [13443], Brazil K001201659
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8065], Brazil K001201641
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8436], Brazil K001201642
Pires, J.M. [1985], Brazil K001201621
Inácio, E. [206], Brazil K001201590
Pires, M.J. [1985], Brazil K001201620
Silva, F.C. [1838], Brazil K001201652
Prance, G.T. [15431], Brazil K001201598
Soares-Silva, L.H. [338], Brazil K001201651
Delprete, P.G. [8940], Brazil K001201609
Delprete, P.G. [9008], Brazil K001201610
Delprete, P.G. [9132], Brazil K001201612
Delprete, P.G. [10378], Brazil K001201649
Hamilton, W.D. [213], Brazil K001201599
Ribeiro, R.D. [1308], Brazil K001201645
Ribeiro, R.D. [1309], Brazil K001201646
Fonseca, M.R. [1294], Brazil K001201591
Silva, S.J. [1461], Brazil K001201597
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026], Brazil K001201613
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0026], Brazil K001201614
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0022], Brazil K001201616
Ellison, C.A. [FOX 0005], Brazil K001201617
Neto, S.J.S. [1467], Brazil K001201611
Neto, S.J.S. [502], Brazil K001201637
R.W.B. [FOX 0210], Brazil K001201615
R.W.B. [FOX 0214], Brazil K001201658
Coda, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001201653
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 7519], Malaysia Erythroxylon K001127436
s.coll. [Cat. no. 9114], Vietnam Erythroxylon K001132232

First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 273.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Hist. Jam.: 278 (1756).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 134 (1907)
  • Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/