1. Family: Gentianaceae Juss.
    1. Anthocleista Afzel. ex R.Br.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Loganiaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Entirely glabrous trees, 1–35 m. high, shrubs, or lianas.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, those of a pair equal or unequal, petiolate or sessile; bases or petioles joined, often auriculate, and, especially in young plants more or less conspicuously ligulate at the base; lamina soft and brittle or coriaceous when living, membranaceous or papyraceous and often brittle, or coriaceous when dry, entire or minutely crenate; margin recurved or not; secondary veins conspicuous or not.
    Stipules
    Stipules intrapetiolar (ligular).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, erect, sometimes pendulous when in fruit, almost dichasial, 1–5 times branched, easily breaking at the nodes when dry. Lower bracts foliaceous, the others usually very small, triangular or ovate.
    Flowers
    In continental species mostly only one flower of each inflorescence open at a time.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, green, creamy, or occasionally partially orange, free, or sometimes connate at the base (A. laxiflora), orbicular or nearly so, concave, decussate, appressed to the corolla tube and later to the fruit, usually rounded at the apex, entire, the 2 inner ones usually becoming retuse or tom by the development of the corolla, often spreading when dry, often enlarged under the fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, creamy, violet, violet–blue, mauve, or sometimes pale yellow, the limb often paler than the tube which is sometimes green, actinomorphic, tubular, usually not contracted when mature, thick, fleshy, brittle, also when living, often sweet–scented; tube approximately cylindrical, more or less gradually widened towards the throat; lobes 8–16, contorted in bud usually turned to the right, spreading or recurved, elliptic to lanceolate, usually obtuse, entire.
    Stamens
    Stamens as many as the corolla lobes and alternating with them, exserted, equal; filaments short or very short, mostly shorter than the anthers, entirely connate into a short tube or occasionally connate for two–thirds of their length, inserted near the apex of the corolla tube; anthers white or creamy, often partially green, sometimes brownish, lanceolate, obtuse or sometimes acute at the apex, usually sagittate at the base; cells 2, parallel and if sagittate only at the base divergent, dehiscent throughout by a longitudinal split.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, ovoid–conic, cylindric, or obovoid–cylindric, 4–celled; style thick, about as long as the corolla tube, persisting during a short period after the corolla is shed; stigma large, usually obovoid–cylindric and apically bilobed, often slightly laterally compressed.
    Placenta
    In each cell one large bilobed placenta with numerous ovules on both sides.
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, dark green or yellow, hard, globose or ellipsoid (irregular or regular indentations or furrowings are due to shrinkage and are always artificial, rounded at the apex, sometimes apiculate; wall usually thick; septa thin.
    Seeds
    Seeds obliquely ovate–circular or irregularly polyhedral in outline, flattened, medium to dark brown, slightly verrucose, faveolate.
    Colleters
    Small colleters in one rank in the axils of the leaves, bracts, and sepals.
    [FTEA]

    Loganiaceae, E. A. Bruce and J. Lewis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Erect trees with a usually straight unbranched trunk below and candelabra branching above or, more rarely, scandent shrubs
    Branches
    Branchlets sometimes armed with short paired spines; leaf-scars ± sickle-shaped, often prominent on the branchlets and cohering in opposite and decussate pairs
    Leaves
    Leaves in the tree-species often large and grouped at the ends of the branches, giving a cabbage-like appearance, but not so in scandent species, sessile or petiolate, sometimes auriculate
    Inflorescences
    Cymes terminal, usually trichotomous and compound
    Flowers
    Flowers large, usually sweet-scented
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 4, opposite and decussate, coriaceous or fleshy, usually much imbricated
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream or flesh-coloured, browning with age; tube cylindrical to funnel-shaped; lobes 6–20, contorted and usually much overlapping
    Stamens
    Stamens as many as the corolla-lobes; filaments united into a collar at the base, adhering to the corolla-tube; anthers subsessile
    Pistil
    Ovary globose to ovoid, spuriously 4-locular, with ∞ ovules inserted on 2–4 fleshy placentas; disc annular, fleshy; style usually subequal to the corolla-tube; stigma large, capitate or turbinate
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose, ovoid or broadly fusiform, firm-walled berry
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, embedded in fleshy pulp.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Anthocleista Afzel. ex R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rosevear, D. R. [7237], Cameroon K000028347

    First published in J.H.Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire: 449 (1818)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Leeuwenberg in Acta Bot. Neerl. 10: 1—53 (1961).
    • E. A. Bruce in Kew Bull. 10: 45 (1955)
    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 537
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Leeuwenberg,ActaBot.Neerl. 10: 1 (1961).
    • Martius, Nov. Gen, 2: 91 (1827).
    • in Tuckey, Narrat. Exped. R. Zaire, App. 5: 449 (1818).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • E. A. Bruce in K.B. 1955: 45 (1955)
    • E.J. 17: 575 (1893)
    • in Tuckey, Congo, App.: 449 (1818)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0