1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Sonchus L.
      1. Sonchus wilmsii R.E.Fr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    An erect perennial herb, up to c. 1 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems simple, somewhat woody below, ± dilated hollow and stout above, glabrous sometimes glaucous, leafy throughout.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, 5–15 x 2.5–6(8) cm., oblanceolate to panduriform in outline, lanceolate-ovate and smaller towards the stem apex, the basal few leaves smaller and evanescent; cauline leaves variable, runcinate-dentate throughout, or remotely and narrowly-lobed pinnatisect throughout, acute mucronate at the apex, semi-amplexicaul or auriculate-sagittate below, denticulate to sharply and irregularly dentate on the margins, glabrous sometimes glaucous.
    Capitulum
    Capitula 2–7 in a much reduced corymbiform-cymose arrangement, or somewhat aggregated with stalked capitula subtended by subsessile immature capitula, or sometimes the capitula solitary on long branches.
    Involucre
    Involucres c. 20 x 12 mm. in fruiting capitula, cylindric-campanulate to spreading, ± persistently white-lanate below.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries imbricate, increasing from c. 4 mm. long on the outside to c. 20 x 2 mm. on the inside; the outermost narrowly ovate, becoming subcoriaceous with a thickened midrib, the basal portion eventually swollen; the inner phyllaries narrower, lanceolate-lorate, membranous, puberulous or glabrescent.
    Florets
    Florets numerous.
    Corolla
    Corollas yellow, c. 18 mm. long, pubescent about the junction of the tube and ligule; ligule often becoming pinkish outside, 4–5 mm. long, oblong.
    Fruits
    Achenes pale-brown, c. 4.5 mm. long, narrowly ellipsoid, slightly flattened, glabrous, ribbed; marginal and middle ribs well developed with c. 2 secondary ribs between, the main ribs becoming swollen and rugulose; pappus white copious, 12–14 mm. long, composed of minute barbellate setae and fine down-like hairs.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Sonchus wilmsii R.E.Fr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 107 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0