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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[FTEA]

Thelypteridaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Type
Type: Yemen, Bolghose, Forsskål 809 (C, holo.)
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome shortly to distinctly creeping, ± 7 mm in diameter, with dark brown ovate to lanceolate entire thinly pilose scales up to 6–8 mm long
Morphology Leaves
Fronds closely spaced, 0.4–1.5(–2) m tall
Morphology Leaves Stipes
Stipe 8–50 cm long, glabrous or slightly pubescent, with scales at base
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina pinnate, elliptic to narrowly elliptic in outline, 0.3–1.3 m long, up to 40 cm wide, acuminate with a deeply pinnatifid terminal segment; lowest 2–4 pairs of pinnae usually gradually decreasing; middle pinnae narrowly oblong or lanceolate, (4.5–)8–21 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide with long narrowly acuminate crenate apex, deeply pinnatifid into oblong lobes 4–10 mm long, 2.5–4.5 mm wide, entire, obtuse to acute, pilose along the costa above and shortly pubescent beneath; veins 8–9 pairs with one pair anastomosing with excurrent vein to sinus, the triangle formed usually acute or in some specimens (including from type area) with 2 pairs of veins anastomosing (see note after hybrids, p 20)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori Indusium
Indusia with short white hairs or almost or quite glabrous (see note).
Ecology
Evergreen forest, often riverine, ditch-sides in swampy areas, valley bushland and thicket; (?0–)45–2100 m
Note
Holttum states after describing C. modesta (in J. S. Afr. Bot. 40: 144 (1974)) “No other species of sect. Christella has glabrous indusia”, but they can be in C. dentata and are in fact in a number of specimens determined by Holttum. I have not seen the single specimen C. modesta is based on. Plaizier & Breteler 1124 (Kenya, Kisii District, 4 km SE of Marani, 9 Apr. 1978) has the venation and rhizome of C. dentata but there are glands on the indusia as well as dense hairs and some glands on the pinnae. Allan 3698 (Uganda, Toro District, Mwamba forest, 5 Dec. 1957) has fertile fronds 30 cm long or less and largest pinnae only 3.5 cm long, quite shallowly lobed; the creeping rhizome, anastomosing veins and indusium all suggest it is a small form of C. dentata. Holttum and others have thought that material resembling C. dentata but with two pairs of veins anastomosing indicated it was of hybrid origin so I was surprised to find that Forsskål’s type and other material from the Yemen has some lobes with two pairs of veins anastomosing (see p. 19 under hybrids). Some specimens, e.g. Sangster 109 (Uganda, Budongo Forest, Mar. 1931) have quite glabrous indusia depite the comment by Holttum (J. S. Afr. Bot. 40: 144 (1974))
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T8 Z; P Range: Throughout the Old World tropics and subtropics, just reaches into SW Spain; introduced in some parts of tropical America

[FWTA]

Thelypteridaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

Ecology
Roadside banks and palm groves on damp ground, often by streams in secondary growth; up to 3, 800 ft. alt.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Morocco, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Thelypteris dentata (Forssk.) E.P.St.John appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
La Croix, I.F. [4974], Congo K000501462
Jan 1, 1977 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata var. caespitosa K000547804
Jan 1, 1977 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata var. caespitosa K000547805
Aug 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2746], Cameroon Christella dentata K000108967
Jul 1, 1997 Johns, R.J. [8101], Indonesia Christella dentata K000547784
Jul 1, 1997 Johns, R.J. [8101], Indonesia Christella dentata K000547785
Jan 1, 1981 Carr, C.E. [11113], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547801
Jan 1, 1981 Carr, C.E. [11113], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547802
Jan 1, 1981 Carr, C.E. [11727], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547803
Jan 1, 1981 Ridley, H.N. [6916], Singapore Christella dentata K000506173
Jan 1, 1981 Millar, A.N. [NGF18592], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547786
Jan 1, 1981 Millar, A.N. [NGF18548], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547791
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [606], Philippines Christella dentata K000519833
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [606], Philippines Christella dentata K000519834
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [606], Philippines Christella dentata K000519835
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [618], Philippines Christella dentata K000519836
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [618], Philippines Christella dentata K000519837
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [513], Philippines Christella dentata K000519958
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [520], Philippines Christella dentata K000519961
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [520], Philippines Christella dentata K000519962
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [520], Philippines Christella dentata K000519963
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [520], Philippines Christella dentata K000519964
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [1087], Philippines Christella dentata K000519965
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [1087], Philippines Christella dentata K000519966
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [1087], Philippines Christella dentata K000519967
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [335], Philippines Christella dentata K000519821
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [335], Philippines Christella dentata K000519822
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [608], Philippines Christella dentata K000519823
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [608], Philippines Christella dentata K000519824
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [608], Philippines Christella dentata K000519825
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [580], Philippines Christella dentata K000519826
Jan 1, 1981 Price, M.G. [580], Philippines Christella dentata K000519827
Jan 1, 1981 Piggott, A.G. [2260], Philippines Christella dentata K000519968
Jan 1, 1981 Piggott, A.G. [1683], Philippines Christella dentata K000519970
Jan 1, 1981 Piggott, A.G. [1683], Philippines Christella dentata K000519971
Jan 1, 1981 Piggott, A.G. [1525], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506166
Jan 1, 1981 Loher, A. [941], Philippines Christella dentata K000519960
Jan 1, 1981 Cuming, H. [83], Philippines Christella dentata K000519959
Jan 1, 1981 Elmer, A.D.E. [9895], Philippines Christella dentata K000519973
Jan 1, 1981 Matthew, C.G. [9], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507602
Jan 1, 1981 Copeland, E.B. [607], Philippines Christella dentata K000519974
Jan 1, 1981 Lütjeharms, W.J. [5253], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507591
Jan 1, 1981 Lütjeharms, W.J. [5253], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507592
Jan 1, 1981 Lütjeharms, W.J. [3842], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507593
Jan 1, 1981 Iwatsuki, k. [S711], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507590
Jan 1, 1981 Nakaike, T. [2], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547800
Jan 1, 1981 Hose, E.S. [SFN5017], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506174
Jan 1, 1981 Savinierre, E. de la [1561], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507600
Aug 25, 1976 Cunnungham, A. [52], Norfolk Island Christella dentata K000951645 holotype
Aug 24, 1976 Ramos, M. [32875], Philippines Christella dentata K000519828
Aug 24, 1976 Matthew, C.G. [s.n.], Philippines Christella dentata K000519832
Aug 24, 1976 Matthew, C.G. [s.n.], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507601
Aug 24, 1976 King, G. [s.n.], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507599
Aug 24, 1976 Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Philippines Christella dentata K000519972
Aug 24, 1976 Vidal y Soler, S. [1842], Philippines Christella dentata K000519829
Aug 24, 1976 Hose, G.F. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000507892
Aug 24, 1976 Hose, G.F. [100], Malaysia Christella dentata K000507893
Aug 24, 1976 Raciborski, M. [s.n.], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507594
Aug 24, 1976 Schiffner, V. [s.n.], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507603
Aug 24, 1976 Matthew, C.G.atthew, C.G. [s.n.], Philippines Christella dentata K000519830
Aug 24, 1976 Matthew, C.G.atthew, C.G. [s.n.], Philippines Christella dentata K000519831
Aug 20, 1976 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506164
Aug 20, 1976 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506165
Aug 20, 1976 Allen, B. [1363], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506169
Aug 20, 1976 Allen, B. [1512], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506170
Aug 20, 1976 Delessert, A. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506156
Aug 19, 1976 Wallich, N. [s.n.], Myanmar Christella dentata K000951644
Aug 19, 1976 Wallich, N. [350], Myanmar Christella dentata K000951643
Jun 30, 1976 Piggott, A.G. [1570], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506161
Jun 30, 1976 Piggott, A.G. [1570], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506162
Jun 30, 1976 Piggott, A.G. [1479], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506163
Jun 30, 1976 Piggott, A.G. [1453], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506167
Jun 30, 1976 Piggott, A.G. [1453], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506168
Jan 1, 1976 Vidal y Soler, S. [266], Philippines Christella dentata K000519820
Jan 1, 1976 Allen, B. [1892], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506171
Jul 1, 1975 Seemann, B.C. [2311B] Christella dentata K000507605
Jun 1, 1975 Anonymous [s.n.], Singapore Christella dentata K000519239
Jun 1, 1975 Anonymous [s.n.], Singapore Christella dentata K000549996
Jan 1, 1975 Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Indonesia Christella dentata K000549995
Sep 1, 1971 Jermy, A.C. [7641], Indonesia Christella dentata K000519501
Sep 1, 1971 Jermy, A.C. [7641], Indonesia Christella dentata K000519502
Aug 1, 1971 Forster, J.R. [s.n.], New Zealand Christella dentata K000951647 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1958 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Singapore Christella dentata K000507353
Jan 1, 1958 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Singapore Christella dentata K000507354
Jermy, A.C. [8059], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538252
Jermy, A.C. [8059], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538253
Jermy, A.C. [6357], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507894
Holttum, R.E. [108], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547787
Holttum, R.E. [108], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547788
Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506157
Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506158
Holttum, R.E. [s.n.], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506159
Krapovickas, A. [40720], Brazil Christella dentata K000956521
Krapovickas, A. [40720], Brazil Christella dentata K000956522
Parris, B.S. [9290], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538246
Parris, B.S. [4430], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538247
Parris, B.S. [4429], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538249
Parris, B.S. [7820], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538242
Parris, B.S. [9285], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538244
Parris, B.S. [4426], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547792
Parris, B.S. [4428], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547793
Parris, B.S. [4433], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547795
Parris, B.S. [5797], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547798
Parris, B.S. [5632], Philippines Christella dentata K000519956
Parris, B.S. [5740], Philippines Christella dentata K000519957
Parris, B.S. [7865], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538241
Parris, B.S. [7820], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538243
Parris, B.S. [9285], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538245
Parris, B.S. [4430], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538248
Parris, B.S. [4429], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538250
Parris, B.S. [4433], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547796
Parris, B.S. [4433], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547797
Parris, B.S. [5797], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547799
Parris, B.S. [10569], Malaysia Christella dentata K000506160
Parris, B.S. [7643], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507595
Parris, B.S. [7643], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507596
Parris, B.S. [7653], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507597
Parris, B.S. [7653], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507598
White, C.T. [s.n.], Queensland Christella dentata K000951648
Croft, J.R. [1254], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538254
Croft, J.R. [1253], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547789
Croft, J.R. [1254], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538255
Croft, J.R. [1253], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547790
Wiakabu, J. [LAE73401], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000538251
Forster, J.R. [s.n.], New Zealand Christella dentata K000951646
Wallich, N. [350], Myanmar Christella dentata K000951642
Murata, G. [B4585], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507891
Kato, M. [C6291], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507896
Kato, M. [C6291], Indonesia Christella dentata K000507895
Croxall, B.S. [4428], Papua New Guinea Christella dentata K000547794
Lobin, W [s.n.], Philippines Christella dentata K000519969
Ferreira, J.L. [74], Brazil Christella dentata K000956519
Ferreira, J.L. [74], Brazil Christella dentata K000956520
Afonso, L. [10], Brazil Christella dentata K000956524
Keffud, W.R. [s.n.], Queensland Christella dentata K000951649
Wilson, D.G. [6417], Brazil Christella dentata K000956523
Wall, G. [s.n.], Sri Lanka Christella taprobanica K000951627 holotype
Wall, G. [s.n.], Sri Lanka Christella taprobanica K000951626
Wall, G. [s.n.], Sri Lanka Christella taprobanica K000951629 isotype

First published in Amer. Fern J. 26: 44 (1936)

Accepted by

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & Kandel, D.R. (2019). Ferns and Fern-Allies of Nepal 2: 1-446. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Department of Plant Resources.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Páez, S. & al. (2014). Nuevas citas de Pteridophyta para la reserva natural privada Tapytá, Caazapá - Paraguay Rojasiana 13(2): 17-23.
  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.

Not accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. [Cited as Christella dentata.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Roux, J.P. (2016). The Lycopods and Ferns of Drakensberg and Lesotho: 1-384. Briza academic books, Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0