1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Actinanthella Balle

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Style
    Style filiform; stigma ovoid-ellipsoid
    Note
    Actinanthella is notably similar to Oncocalyx sect. Oncocalyx and Agelanthus, but has radially symmetrical flowers and long filaments, only the upper part of which are thickened and coiled at anthesis. The mature buds have wide vents, probing of which releases the spring of the thickened part of the filaments in the bud tip.
    Distribution
    Two species in SE and S Africa.
    Habit
    Small well branched shrubs, with a single haustorial attachment; hairs short, stiff, spreading, simple or forked. Small well branched shrubs, with a single haustorial attachment; hairs short, stiff, spreading, simple or forked
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, very shortly petiolate, with a pair of lateral nerves strongly ascending from near the base. Leaves alternate, very shortly petiolate, with a pair of lateral nerves strongly ascending from near the base
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–3 in the axils, very shortly pedicellate; bract cupular, with a small limb. Flowers 1–3 in the axils, very shortly pedicellate; bract cupular, with a small limb
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, much longer than the receptacle. Calyx tubular, much longer than the receptacle
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-merous, joined less than halfway, radially symmetrical, yellow-green flushed yellow or red above, developing wide vents in mature buds; tube with a narrowly obovoid basal swelling extending just beyond calyx, then constricted for 2–3 mm, the upper part narrowly funnel-shaped. Corolla 5-merous, joined less than halfway, radially symmetrical, yellow-green flushed yellow or red above, developing wide vents in mature buds; tube with a narrowly obovoid basal swelling extending just beyond calyx, then constricted for 2–3 mm, the upper part narrowly funnel-shaped
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments attached a little less than halfway up corolla lobes, slender below, upper part thickened and coiling at anthesis; anthers 4-thecous, truncate. Stamen filaments attached a little less than halfway up corolla lobes, slender below, upper part thickened and coiling at anthesis; anthers 4-thecous, truncate
    Pistil
    Style filiform; stigma ovoid-ellipsoid.
    Fruits
    Berry narrowly obovoid, with a short neck, topped when young by the circumscissile calyx. Berry narrowly obovoid, with a short neck, topped when young by the circumscissile calyx.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Actinanthella Balle appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Séances Inst. Roy. Colon. Belge 25: 1625 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 99 (1998).
    • Fl. Sthn. Africa 10, 1: 34 (1979).
    • Wiens & Tölken in Fl. Sthn. Africa 10, 1: 34 (1979).
    • Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Col., n.s., 2: 1074, fig. 1 (1956).
    • in Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Col., n.s., 2: 1074, fig. 1 (1956).
    • Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Col. 25: 1625 (1954)
    • in Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Col. 25: 1625 (1954)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0