1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Agelanthus Tiegh.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Habit
    Shrubs, mostly extending 0.5–2 m from a single haustorial connection; twigs terete to slightly compressed or angular; hairs, if present, simple or irregularly branched Shrubs, mostly extending 0.5–2 m from a single haustorial connection; twigs terete to slightly compressed or angular; hairs, if present, simple or irregularly branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate to opposite, shortly petiolate; lateral nerves spreading-ascending to strongly ascending from the base Leaves alternate to opposite, shortly petiolate; lateral nerves spreading-ascending to strongly ascending from the base.
    Style
    Style isodiametric or swollen opposite filaments and constricted above (skittle-shaped); stigma small, capitate
    Note
    This is the largest genus in Africa and shows considerable modification in the structures of the flower related to pollination. The species have generally been grouped with or close to Tapinanthus (Loranthus sect. Constrictiflori), but readily distinguished from the species included here in Tapinanthus by the colour-banded flowers with vents opening in the mature buds, the corolla lobes generally remaining erect (reflexed only in A. deltae). The species can be attributed to five sections. Section Acranthemum (Tiegh.) Polhill & Wiens (Acranthemum Tiegh.; Loranthus sect. Acranthemum (Tiegh.) Sprague).  Leaves penninerved. Flowers terminal on short shoots or in axillary umbels; bract small. Calyx saucer-shaped. Corolla buds subcylindrical, apiculate, only slightly swollen at base, with subdued colour banding; lobes longer than in other sections, not hardened. Stamen filaments with or without a small ledge in front of the anther. Style isodiametric to skittle-shaped. Species 1–2. Section Obtectiflori (Engl.) Polhill & Wiens (Loranthus sect. Tapinanthus group Obtectiflori Engl.; Loranthus sect. Obtectiflori (Engl.) Sprague). Leaves with spreading-ascending nerves. Flowers in pedunculate umbels in axils or terminal on short shoots; bract ± leafy. Calyx saucer-shaped. Corolla subcylindrical in bud, slightly apiculate, scarcely swollen at base, multicoloured; lobes not hardened. Stamen filaments with a small tooth. Style isodiameteric. Species 3–4 Section Agelanthus (Loranthus sect. Infundibuliformes (Engl.) Sprague). Leaves with few strongly ascending nerves from base. Flowers clustered in axils or in very shortly pedunculate axillary umbels; bract cupular with a small limb. Calyx cupular to tubular. Corolla subcylindrical in bud or conspicuously swollen at base, with strong colour banding in various combinations; lobes not hardened. Stamen filaments slightly tapered, sometimes corrugated with a hardened tip, without (elsewhere occasionally with) a tooth in front of the anther. Style isodiametric or slightly skittle-shaped, but then thickened part winged or cross-shaped in section. Species 5–8, 23. Section Purpureiflori (Engl.) Polhill & Wiens (Loranthus sect. Tapinanthus group. Purpureiflori Engl.; Loranthus sect. Purpureiflori (Engl.) Sprague; Loranthus sect. Erectilobi sensu Sprague in part). Leaves with few strongly ascending nerves from base. Flowers in sessile or very shortly pedunculate umbels, with pedicels in sockets; bracts cupular. Calyx cupular to tubular. Corolla subcylindrical in bud or with a marked basal swelling, red banded yellow over vents; lobes glossy inside but not hardened. Stamen filament tips pale, hardened and thickened, with a distinct tooth in front of the anther. Style skittle-shaped. Species 9–11. Section Erectilobi (Sprague) Polhill & Wiens (Loranthus sect. Erectilobi Sprague in large part). Leaves penninerved with lower nerves ± strongly ascending. Flowers in shortly pedunculate umbels; bracts saucer-shaped with a small limb. Calyx saucer-shaped to shortly cupular. Corolla with ± swollen head in bud and markedly swollen base, yellow to red, banded over vents, reddish at tip of lobes; lobes usually glossy and hardened inside (least so in A. molleri). Stamen filaments rarely hardened, toothed. Style skittle-shaped. Species 12–22.
    Distribution
    59 species in Africa and Arabia.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in sessile to pedunculate umbels, clustered or rarely singly in axils, sometimes terminal on short shoots; bract shallowly to distinctly cupular, with a small to leafy limb. Flowers borne in sessile to pedunculate umbels, clustered or rarely singly in axils, sometimes terminal on short shoots; bract shallowly to distinctly cupular, with a small to leafy limb
    Calyx
    Calyx saucer-shaped to tubular, entire to slightly toothed. Calyx saucer-shaped to tubular, entire to slightly toothed
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed, the lobes relatively short (elsewhere occasionally longer than tube), generally conspicuously banded in different colours, developing vents below tip (bud apex swollen or not) and opening with a short V-split; basal swelling present or absent; lobes linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic above claw, generally remaining erect (not in A. deltae), sometimes shiny and hardened inside. Corolla 5-lobed, the lobes relatively short (elsewhere occasionally longer than tube), generally conspicuously banded in different colours, developing vents below tip (bud apex swollen or not) and opening with a short V-split; basal swelling present or absent; lobes linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic above claw, generally remaining erect (not in A deltae), sometimes shiny and hardened inside
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments inserted near top of corolla tube, short, inflexed or rarely inrolled, sometimes corrugated, sometimes hardened at tip, with or without a ledge or tooth in front of the anther; anthers 4-thecous, linear, with connective not or only slightly produced at apex. Stamen filaments inserted near top of corolla tube, short, inflexed or rarely inrolled, sometimes corrugated, sometimes hardened at tip, with or without a ledge or tooth in front of the anther; anthers 4-thecous, linear, with connective not or only slightly produced at apex
    Pistil
    Style isodiametric or swollen opposite filaments and constricted above (skittle-shaped); stigma small, capitate.
    Fruits
    Berry ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth to warty, usually ripening red. Berry ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth to warty, usually ripening red.
    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Shrubs, mostly 0.5–2 m. from a single haustorial connection, rarely with subcortical runners; twigs terete to slightly compressed or angular; hairs, if present, simple or irregularly branched
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate to opposite, sometimes crowded on short shoots, shortly petiolate; lateral nerves spreading-ascending to strongly ascending from the base
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in sessile to pedunculate heads or umbels, clustered or rarely singly in the axils, sometimes terminal on short shoots; bract shallowly to distinctly cupular, with a small to leafy limb
    Calyx
    Calyx saucer-shaped to tubular, entire to slightly toothed
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed, the lobes relatively short, occasionally ( A. platyphyllus ) longer than the tube, generally conspicuously banded in different colours; mature buds developing vents below the tip (bud-apex swollen or not) and opening with a short V-split; basal swelling present or absent; lobes linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic above the claw, generally remaining erect, sometimes shiny and hardened inside
    Stamens
    Filaments inserted near top of corolla-tube or on claw if lobes exceptionally long, short, inflexed or rarely inrolled, sometimes corrugated, sometimes hardened at tip, with or without a ledge or tooth in front of the anther; anthers 4-thecous, linear, with connective not or only slightly produced at the apex
    Pistil
    Style isodiametric or swollen opposite the filaments and constricted above (skittle-shaped); stigma small, capitate
    Fruits
    Berry ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth to warty, usually ripening red.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Agelanthus Tiegh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, D. [8756], Congo 60053.000

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 246 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • emend. Balle in Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 42: 246 (1895)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 137 (1998).
    • Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • Balle in Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 246 (1895).
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 246 (1895).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 137 (1998)
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 42: 246 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0