1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Pleiocarpa Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, rarely lianas, with all parts glabrous except inside the corolla tube; white latex present in all parts
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3–5
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence predominantly axillary, sometimes terminal at the same time, fasciculate, ramiflorous, 1–40-flowered, sessile; bracts very small, scale-like; pedicels 1–2 mm long
    Flowers
    Flowers very fragrant
    Calyx
    Sepals without colleters
    Corolla
    Corolla pure white to yellow; tube greenish in bud; lobes overlapping to the left in bud, always shorter than the tube
    Ovary
    Ovary of 2–5 separate carpels, united at the extreme base by a disk-like thickening; pistil head ellipsoid or oblong
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow to bright orange, smooth to rugose, of 2–5 separate mericarps (2 in our area), with a rounded to hooked apex
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, sometimes angular; embryo straight, spatulate.
    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs and lianes.
    Exudate
    Latex present.
    Spines
    Spines and tendrils absent.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Stem
    Stems and leaves completely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or verticillate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences cymose, axillary, rarely also terminal; pedicels short or absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous; lobes free to base, herbaceous, imbricate, not revolute, without scales on inner surface.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform, externally glabrous, internally pubescent below the stamens; tube often with 5 splits developing at level of stamens; lobes contorted, overlapping to the left, not ciliate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted near mouth of corolla tube; filaments short; anthers dorsifixed, introrse, without carina.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, 2–5-carpellate, apocarpous, with 1–4 ovules per carpel; clavuncle present; stigma reduced to a sessile area or rarely represented by a rudimentary apiculus.
    Fruits
    Fruit a compound berry; mericarps not beaked.
    Seeds
    Seeds with smooth testa; endosperm horny.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Pleiocarpa Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 699 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pichon in Bol. Soc. Brot. 27: 123 (1953).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 97
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pichon in Bol. Soc. Brot., Sér. 2, 27: 123 (1953).
    • in Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 2: 699 (1876).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Omino in Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 96 (1): 134–157 (1996)
    • in G. P. 2: 699 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0