1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Tagetes L.
      1. Tagetes erecta L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Guatemala. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual herb 0.4–1.8 m high.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, the upper alternate, elliptic in outline, pinnatisect with narrowly winged midrib, to 20 cm long, glabrous and glandular.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, on long stalks which are thickened near the apex; involucre 12–20 mm long; phyllaries 5–8, connate, glabrous except for apex, glandular.
    Florets
    Ray florets 5–8, golden yellow, the ray 10–25 mm long; disc florets many, 10–16 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes black, 7–10 mm long; pappus of 1–2 setae 6–12 mm long and 3–4 scales 3–5 mm long.
    Habitat
    Lake shore or by streams; 750–2100 m
    Distribution
    T3 T4 T6 ‘African marigold’, widely cultivated and sometimes naturalizedoriginally from the Americas
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Cultivated in Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 3000 m.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 3000 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, arbusto
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual to 80 cm high; whole plant aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, the upper alternate, elliptic in outline, pinnatisect with narrowly winged midrib, to 20 cm long, glabrous and glandular.
    Capitulum
    Capitula loosely corymbose, on long stalks which are thickened near the apex; involucre 15–20 mm long; phyllaries 5–7, connate, glabrous except for apex, glandular.
    Florets
    Ray florets yellow, orange or reddish, the ray 5–15 mm long; disc florets many, 10–16 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes black, 7–10 mm long; pappus of 1–2 setae 6–10 mm long and 3–4 scales 3–5 mm long.
    Habitat
    Ruderal sites; 700–?1500 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 T3 T4 T5 ‘French marigold’originally from Central America, widely cultivated and sometimes naturalized
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Guatemala, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Arkansas, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bulgaria, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Colombia, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Galápagos, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Korea, Krym, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Missouri, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Sicilia, South Carolina, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Marigold
    Spanish
    Flor de muerto, ruda, osa de muerto, clavelina.

    Tagetes erecta L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1993 Sant'Ana, S.C. [223], Bahia K000053768
    Hall [69] K001103971
    Bautista, H.P. [359], Bahia K000053767
    King, R.M. [8173], Bahia K000053766
    Heringer, E.P. [17005], Brazil K001103966
    Heringer, E.P. [17005], Brazil K001103967
    Heringer, E.P. [15843], Brazil K001103969
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3202], Nepal K001118777
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001103973
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001103988
    Balée, W.L. [CG66], Brazil K001103964
    Vieira, R.F. [61], Brazil K001103968
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3202] K001118778
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3202] K001118779
    s.coll. [408], Brazil K001103970
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001103972
    s.coll. [409], Brazil K001103989
    Jan 1, 1983 Pringle, C.G. [2488], Jalisco Tagetes heterocarpha K000502355 Unknown type material
    Lombardi, J.A. [2769], Brazil Tagetes patula K001103929
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3203] Tagetes patula K001118780
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3203] Tagetes patula K001118781

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 887 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
    • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2011). Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.
    • Funk, V.A., P.E.Berry, S.Alexander, T.H.Hollowell & C.L.Kelloff (2007). Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1-584.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae Flora of North America North of Mexico 21: 1-616. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossiiskogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1992). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 6: 1-428. Nauka, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossiiskogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 224, t. 78 (1993).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 642 (1985).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 887 (1753).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/