1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Globimetula Tiegh.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Stems mostly 0.5–2(–4) m. long, generally from a single attachment, but sometimes scandent with numerous secondary haustoria, hairless but sometimes with papillae on youngest parts and umbels
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or ternate, penninerved but second–fourth(–fifth) main lateral nerves often closer, stronger and more ascending
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–20 in umbels (often with 1–2 aborted flowers on the peduncle), 5-merous; bracts at the base of peduncle and pedicels small, triangular; flower bract obliquely cupular, with a short triangular or bifid limb, sometimes gibbous or spurred
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular or flared, subentire, 0.3–2 mm. long, normally ciliolate
    Corolla
    Corolla pink or red, sometimes white to green on upper or lower part, the apical swelling often darkening as bud ripens, 2–4.5 cm. long, with pronounced apical (sometimes winged) and basal swellings, splitting unilaterally more than halfway, the lobes coiled outwards
    Stamens
    Stamens involute; anthers emarginate, with a distinct connective, and the outer pair of thecae shorter and sometimes set lower
    Pistil
    Style skittle-shaped above; stigma turbinate to peltate
    Fruits
    Berry red to yellow, depressed-globose to ellipsoid; seed also brightly coloured, similar to Tapinanthus .
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Stem
    Stems mostly 0.5–2(4) m long, generally from a single attachment, but sometimes scandent with numerous secondary haustoria, hairless but sometimes with papillae on youngest parts and umbels
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or ternate, penninerved but second–fourth(fifth) main lateral nerves often closer, stronger and more ascending Leaves opposite, subopposite or ternate, penninerved but second–fourth(fifth) main lateral nerves often closer, stronger and more ascending.
    Style
    Style skittle-shaped above; stigma turbinate to peltate
    Note
    Differs from Tapinanthus by its pollination mechanism; the apical swelling of the flower bud signals maturity by changing colour and when prodded the petals curl back to expose the fertile column, further probing of a secondary vent at the base of the filaments then causes the stamens to flick inwards scattering the pollen explosively.
    Distribution
    13 species in tropical Africa.
    Habit
    Stems mostly 0.5–2(4) m long, generally from a single attachment, but sometimes scandent with numerous secondary haustoria, hairless but sometimes with papillae on youngest parts and umbels.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–20 in umbels (often with 1–2 aborted flowers on the peduncle), 5-merous; bracts at base of peduncle and pedicels small, triangular; flower bract obliquely cupular, with a short triangular or bifid limb, sometimes gibbous or spurred. Flowers 2–20 in umbels (often with 1–2 aborted flowers on the peduncle), 5-merous; bracts at base of peduncle and pedicels small, triangular; flower bract obliquely cupular, with a short triangular or bifid limb, sometimes gibbous or spurred
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter to longer than the receptacle, cupular or flared, subentire, normally ciliolate. Calyx shorter to longer than the receptacle, cupular or flared, subentire, normally ciliolate
    Corolla
    Corolla pink or red, sometimes white to green on upper or lower part, the apical swelling often darkening as bud ripens, with pronounced apical (sometimes winged) and basal swellings, splitting unilaterally more than halfway, the lobes revolute. Corolla pink or red, sometimes white to green on upper or lower part, the apical swelling often darkening as bud ripens, with pronounced apical (sometimes winged) and basal swellings, splitting unilaterally more than halfway, the lobes revolute
    Stamens
    Stamens involute; anthers 4-thecous, emarginate, with distinct connective and the outer pair of thecae shorter and sometimes set lower. Stamens involute; anthers 4-thecous, emarginate, with distinct connective and the outer pair of thecae shorter and sometimes set lower
    Pistil
    Style skittle-shaped above; stigma turbinate to peltate.
    Fruits
    Berry red to yellow, depressed globose to ellipsoid; seed also brightly coloured. Berry red to yellow, depressed globose to ellipsoid; seed also brightly coloured.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Globimetula Tiegh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1992 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [53], Cameroon K000011479

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 264 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Balle in Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • Danser in Verh. Akad. Wetensch. Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 29: 54 (1933)
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 42: 244, 264 (1895)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 209 (1998).
    • J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 90: 139 (1985).
    • Feehan in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 90: 139 (1985).
    • Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • Balle in Webbia 11: 583 (1955).
    • Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29, 6: 22 (1933).
    • Danser in Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29, 6: 22 (1933).
    • Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 244, 264 (1895).
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 244, 264 (1895).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 209 (1998)
    • in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 42: 264 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0