1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Uniola L.
      1. Uniola condensata Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rootstock evident. Rhizomes absent. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long. Leaves without demarcation between sheath and blade. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule absent. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 3-8 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; unilateral; 1-3 cm long; simple, or secondarily branched. Central inflorescence axis 25-40 cm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-3 basal sterile florets; 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 4-5 mm long; 2.5-4 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-3 basal sterile florets; 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 4-5 mm long; 2.5-4 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-2.5 mm long; 0.3-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; elliptic; 3 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate. Palea 0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-1.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1 mm long.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador

    Uniola condensata Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hitchcock, A.S. [20333], Ecuador K000308705 Unknown type material

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 345 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0