1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Uniola L.
      1. Uniola pittieri Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. Mexico to Peru.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect; 75-150 cm long; 3-4 mm diam. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 30-70 cm long; 8-15 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; unilateral; 2-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 20-40 cm long. Rhachis angular; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-6 basal sterile florets; 10-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 8-25 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-6 basal sterile florets; 10-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 8-25 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; winged above; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-6 mm long; 0.66-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; winged above; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; ovate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2-3 mm long.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Pohl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Uniola pittieri Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [539], Mexico K000308702
    Liebmann [25], Mexico K000308703

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 309 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0