1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Vernonia Schreb.
      1. Vernonia syringifolia O.Hoffm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    A diffuse or scandent shrub with stems to c. 6 m. long.
    Branches
    Branches alternate, striate, pubescent, glandular; indumentum of short-stalked T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves membranous, petiolate; petiole 1–3 cm. long; lamina to 13 x 6 cm., ovate-lanceolate, apex tapering-acuminate, base broadly cuneate to truncate in upper leaves, cordate often unequally so in lower leaves, sometimes narrowly decurrent on petiole, margins serrate or serrulate, lamina upper surface sparsely pilose to scabridulous, lower surface thinly pilose; the hairs one-armed or unequal-armed T-shaped on upper surface and T-shaped beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula numerous, grouped in moderately dense clusters 3–6 cm. across, borne in the upper leaf axils, or capitula in large terminal compound panicles; synflorescence branches sparsely linear-bracteate; capitula stalks mostly 1–10 mm. long, sometimes to c. 40 mm. long, linear-bracteate, tomentellous to appressed-pubescent.
    Involucre
    Involucres to c. 6 x 6 mm., spreading to c. 10 mm. wide, obconic-campanulate; phyllaries few-seriate, outer 2–4 mm. long and subulate to linear-lanceolate with a subulate apex, inner to 6 mm. long and narrowly oblong-elliptic, subacute mucronate or aristate, scarious sometimes with a hyaline margin, thinly pilose outside or glabrescent.
    Florets
    Florets 15–20 per capitulum.
    Corolla
    Corollas pale-mauve to whitish, sweetly-scented, c. 6 mm. long, narrowly funnel-shaped, widening slightly to apex.
    Fruits
    Achenes pale-brownish, 2.5–3 mm. long, narrowly subcylindric, tapering slightly to base, sharply narrowly 5-ribbed, glandular otherwise glabrous, at the most sparsely hispidulous; outer pappus fringe-like, of narrow minute lacerate scales, inner of white barbellate setae 5–6 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Often ± scrambling or scandent woody herb or weak shrub 0.8-4.5 m tall; stems tinged purplish, finely crispate-pubescent with asymmetrically and symmetrically T-shaped hairs, glandular.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, ovate, 4-13 cm long, 2-7.5 cm wide, base rounded, truncate or cordate and sometimes narrowly decurrent on the petiole, margins sinuate-serrate or denticulate with apiculate teeth, apex acuminate, apiculate, shortly finely thinly pubescent and glabrescent above, rather thickly tomentose to thinly finely pubescent beneath; petioles 0.7-4.2 cm long.
    Capitulum
    Capitula in copious terminal spreading sometimes scorpioid compound corymbiform cymes several cm across; stalks of individual capitula 1-10(-40) mm long, densely crispate-pubescent; involucre obconic to campanulate, 4-8 mm long; phyllaries 3-4-seriate, green, often purplish-tipped, thinly pubescent, ± glabrescent, narrowly to broadly ovate, acute or attenuate, the inner obtuse to acute, 4.3-6 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets 15-20 per capitulum; corolla pale to deep mauve or lilac, rarely white or pink, 6-8.5 mm long, strongly exserted, the outer often recurving, lobes 1.5-2.5 mm long, glabrous or with a few slender subapical hairs.
    Fruits
    Achenes 2.3-3 mm long, strongly 3-6-ribbed, glabrous, glandular; outer pappus of narrow lanceolate laciniate scales, 0.3-0.8 mm long, inner pappus white, 4.5-7.5 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 38/3 (involucre), p. 168; fig. 39/2 (achene), p. 172.
    Habitat
    Moist forest and forest margins, and secondary bush or woodland in the forest zone, may be locally dominant in secondary situations; 1550-3050 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T4 T7 U2 U3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Vernonia syringifolia O.Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Mwangoka, M.A. [1618], Tanzania K000438544
    Jan 1, 2008 Mwangoka, M.A. [3325], Tanzania K000612523

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C (1895) 405

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kalanda & Lisowski in Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 40 (2): 653 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 202 (1994).
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 569 (1994).
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 78, t. 14b (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 217 (1988).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 559 (1985).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 57 (1956).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 164 (1949).
    • O. Hoffm. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 405 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0