1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia simulans Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Chad and Zambia, S. Florida to Cuba, Mexico (Chiapas) to Belize, S. Tropical America.

    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids and Stolons
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous at the base of the peduncle.
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous, rosulate at the base of the peduncle and scattered on the stolons, narrowly linear, 5–15 ×0.3–0.5 mm., 1-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, stalked, or 0.2–0.3 mm. long; mouth lateral with a shortly conical dorsal appendage and a larger, deeply bifid ventral appendage.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, 1.5–11 cm. tall; peduncle filiform, glabrous; flowers 1–5, more or less congested; scales numerous, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate in outline, 1–1.5 mm. long, the base auriculate, the margin deeply divided into up to 15 subulate acute teeth; bracteoles inserted on the first half of the pedicel, much longer than the bracts, circular in outline, narrowed at the base, c. 3 mm. long, the margin deeply divided into c. 11 subulate acute teeth; pedicels filiform, erect 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, 4–5 mm. long, circular in outline, the upper lobe with margin deeply divided into c.15 subulate acute teeth, the lower lobe slightly larger with apex bifid and margin divided into c. 18 subulate acute teeth.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, 5–10 mm. long; superior lip oblong with apex truncate or emarginate; inferior lip circular or broadly ovate; palate slightly raised; spur narrowly conical with apex obtuse or subacute, about as long as the inferior lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear, anther thecae more or less confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style distinct; stigma inferior lip semi-circular; superior lip much smaller, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule (not seen in African specimens) globose, c. 2 mm. long, dehiscing by a longitudinal ventral, marginally thickened slit.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ovoid, c. 1.5 mm. long; testa thin, reticulate, the cells elongate.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 60 - 100 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Cuba, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Liberia, Mali, Mexico Southeast, Paraguay, Senegal, Suriname, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

    Utricularia simulans Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2007 Gardner [2711], Piauí K000701268 syntype
    Dec 1, 2007 Gardner [2711A], Piauí K000701269 syntype
    Dec 1, 2007 Gardner [3959], Piauí K000701270 syntype
    Jun 15, 2005 Hunt, D. [5575a], Brazil 28954.000
    Jan 1, 1973 Ule, E. [8315], Brazil K000533913 Unknown type material
    Sandwith, N.Y. [1310], Guyana 12991.000
    Richards, H.M. [14990], Zambia 6319.000
    Baldwin, J.T. [13037], Liberia 3538.000
    Hunt, D.R. [5638], Brazil 29190.000
    Hunt, D.R. [5748], Brazil 29191.000
    Lewis, G.P. [1661], Brazil 5400.000
    Huber, O. [5632], Venezuela 42580.000
    Lewis, G. [1182], Brazil 47145.000

    First published in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 6: 189 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Rodrigues Furtado, M.N., de Souza Secco, R. & Sousa Rocha, A.E. (2012). Sinopse das espécies de Lamiales Bromhead ocorrentes nas restingas do estado do Pará, Brasil Hoehnea 39: 529-547.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Rodrigues Furtado, M.N., de Souza Secco, R. & Sousa Rocha, A.E. (2012). Sinopse das espécies de Lamiales Bromhead ocorrentes nas restingas do estado do Pará, Brasil Hoehnea 39: 529-547.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0