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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics to N. America.
Utricularia subulata

[FWTA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect 1-10 in. high, scape capillary, flexuous or zigzag, bearing small yellow flowers on pedicels about 1/4 in. long with obtuse, obscurely nerved calyx-lobes.

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids and Stolons
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, few from the base of the peduncle.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear, 1–2 cm. ×more or less 0.5 mm., 1-nerved.
Morphology General Traps
Traps very numerous, globose or ovoid, 0.2–0.5 mm. long, stalked, the stalk slightly shorter than the trap; mouth lateral, oblique, with two dorsal branched appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, up to 25 cm. high; peduncle capillary, smooth above, minutely papillose below; inflorescence-axis usually flexuous or zigzag; floral internodes slightly longer than the pedicels; scales few, peltate, more or less as long as the bracts, narrowly elliptic, acuminate at both extremities, minutely papillose; bracts peltate, circular, 0.75–1.0 mm. long, smooth, clasping the base of the pedicel; bracteoles absent; pedicels capillary, ascending, 2–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes subequal, broadly ovate, more or less 1 mm. long at anthesis, slightly accrescent, obscurely 5-nerved, with apex obtuse or truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, normally 6–10 mm. long, sometimes reduced (in cleistogamous flowers) to 2 mm.; superior lip broadly ovate, with apex rounded, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx lobe; inferior lip circular in outline, deeply 3-lobed; palate raised, bigibbpus; spur subulate, parallel with and more or less equalling the inferior lip or (in cleistogamous flowers) much reduced and saccate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments filiform; anther-thecae confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style very short; stigma inferior lip circular, superior lip more or less obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 1–1.5 mm. long, dehiscing by a small ovate ventral pore.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, ovoid, 0.2–0–24 mm. long, longitudinally striate.

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, few from the base of the scape.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear, 1–2 cm. long, ± 0.5 mm. wide, 1-nerved.
Morphology General Traps
Traps very numerous, globose or ovoid, 0.2–0.5 mm. long, stalked, the stalk slightly shorter than the trap; mouth lateral, oblique; upper lip with 2 branched appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, up to 25 cm. high; scape capillary, smooth above, minutely papillose below; inflorescence-axis usually flexuous or zigzag; floral internodes slightly longer than the pedicels; scales few, peltate, ± as long as the bracts, narrowly elliptic, acuminate at both extremities, minutely papillose; bracts peltate, orbicular, 0.75–1.0 mm. long, smooth, clasping the base of the pedicel; bracteoles absent; pedicels capillary, ascending, 2–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes subequal, broadly ovate, ± 1 mm. long at anthesis, slightly accrescent, obscurely 5-nerved, apex obtuse or truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, normally 6–10 mm. long, sometimes reduced (in cleistogamous flowers) to 2 mm.; upper lip broadly ovate, apex rounded, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe; lower lip orbicular in outline, deeply 3-lobed; palate raised, bigibbous; spur subulate, parallel with and ± equalling the lower lip or (in cleistogamous flowers) much reduced and saccate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments filiform; anther-thecae confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style very short; stigma lower lip orbicular, upper lip ± obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 1–1.5 mm. long, dehiscing by a small ovate abaxial pore.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, ovoid, 0.2–0.24 mm. long, longitudinally striate.
Habitat
Wet peaty or sandy soil; sea-level to 2250 m.
Distribution
throughout tropical Africa to South West Africa and South Africa (Transvaal, Natal), Madagascar, Portugal, America from Nova Scotia to Argentina and in Thailand and Borneo T1 T4 T6 T8 U1 U3 U4

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 120 - 3150 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Illinois, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Namibia, New Jersey, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rhode I., Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

New South Wales

Utricularia subulata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 15, 2009 Wood, J.R.I. [24672], Bolivia K000542764
Jun 16, 2005 Taylor, P.G. [13064], USA 34709.000
Jun 15, 2005 Wagner, R.J. [500A], Puerto Rico 25482.000
Oct 20, 1998 Thomas, Brazil 74537.000
Richards, H.M. [2074], Zambia 11249.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [1314], Guyana 13010.000
Baldwin, J.T. [13014], Liberia 13027.000
Tanzania 13028.000
Tanzania 13029.000
Baldwin, J.T. [13002], Liberia 13030.000
Darko, O. [401], Ghana 13031.000
Meikle, R.D. [1331], Nigeria 13032.000
Keay, R.W.J. [25508], Nigeria 13033.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16310.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16311.000
Sierra Leone 16312.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16313.000
Jones, T.S. [415], Sierra Leone 16314.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16315.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16316.000
Wrigley, F. [711], Liberia 16317.000
Drummond, R.B. [4640], Uganda 16318.000
Trinidad & Tobago 16319.000
Tanzania 1659.000
Brenan, J.P.M. [7773], Zambia 1660.000
Richards, H.M. [8420], Zambia 1661.000
Meikle, R.D. [1095], Nigeria 1662.000
Tanzania 1663.000
Richards, H.M. [8880], Zambia 1664.000
Stanfield [125], Nigeria 1665.000
Richards, H.M. [5961], Zambia 1666.000
Stanfield, Nigeria 1667.000
Brenan, J.P.M. [8074], Zambia 1668.000
Tanzania 1669.000
Brummitt, R.K. [10173], Malawi 25694.070
Brazil 2700.039
Taylor, P.G. [13008], Trinidad & Tobago 2700.056
Prance, G.T. [11499], Brazil 2700.066
Jacobs, M. [5494], Borneo 27128.000
Cowan, R.S. [2048], Guyana 27264.000
Guyana 27273.000
Harrison, S.G. [1021], Guyana 27494.000
Harrison, S.G. [1122], Guyana 27496.000
Harrison, S.G. [1410], Guyana 27497.000
Hunt, D.R. [5850], Brazil 29052.000
Hunt, D.R. [5592A], Brazil 29206.000
Tweedie, E.M. [3488], Kenya 30540.000
Zambia 30586.000
Philcox, D. [6471], Guyana 33379.000
Brazil 3360.014
Philcox, D. [6461], Guyana 3360.037
Brazil 33635.000
Brazil 33647.000
Brazil 33657.000
Brazil 33665.000
s.coll. [s.n.], Bahia 33704.000
Brazil 33711.000
Brazil 34161.000
Brazil 34163.000
Harley, R.M. [11885], Brazil 34165.000
Brazil 34168.000
Harley, R.M. [11286], Brazil 34169.000
Brazil 34170.000
Lanjouw, J.C. [3394], Suriname 34700.000
Kuyper [26], Suriname 34713.000
Taylor, P. [13103], USA 34977.000
Lindeman [3003], Suriname 35015.000
Purseglove, J.W. [4929], Borneo 3504.000
Baldwin, J.T. [16011], USA 3505.000
Richards, H.M. [16403], Zambia 3616.000
Leppard, M. [1046], Brazil 36710.000
Brazil 37225.000
Venezuela 38098.000
Venezuela 38099.000
Venezuela 38101.000
Venezuela 38102.000
Venezuela 38104.000
Venezuela 38113.000
Venezuela 38115.000
Venezuela 38120.000
Sturdy, R.G. [4], Uganda 3820.000
Trinidad & Tobago 38616.000
Philcox, D. [8226], Trinidad & Tobago 38644.000
Harley, R.M. [18769], Brazil 38779.000
Harley, W.J. [1856], Liberia 3878.000
Harley, R.M. [19522], Brazil 38782.000
Harley, R.M. [19206], Brazil 38783.000
Harley, R.M. [18034], Brazil 38790.000
Harley, R.M. [18850], Brazil 38794.000
Harley, W.J. [1851], Liberia 3881.000
Richards, M., Zambia 3883.000
Richards, M., Zambia 3884.000
Tanzania 3885.000
Richards, M., Zambia 3886.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [9490], Tanzania 3887.000
Keay, R.W.J. [F.H.I. 22660], Nigeria 3888.000
Wild, H. [2508], Zimbabwe 3889.000
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 35907], Nigeria 3890.000
Wild, H. [3781], Zimbabwe 3891.000
Baldwin, J.T. [13296], Guinea 3892.000
Baldwin, J.T. [13493], Ghana 3893.000
Richards, M., Zambia 3896.000
Jordan, H. [1066], Sierra Leone 3897.000
Richards, H.M. [10048], Zambia 3898.000
Richards, H.M. [12658A], Zambia 3899.000
Richards, H.M. [9933a], Zambia 3900.000
Stanfield [114], Nigeria 3903.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3759], Zambia 3904.000
Harley, R.M. [17955], Brazil 39331.000
Brazil 41425.000
Lavarack, P.S. [3042], Australia 41430.000
Taylor, P. [17180], Australia 41446.000
Huber [5631], Venezuela 42581.000
Zimbabwe 42605.000
Zimbabwe 42687.000
Brazil 42703.000
Brazil 47111.000
Zarucchi, J.L. [1360], Colombia 47125.000
Brazil 47141.000
Lewis, G. [1183], Brazil 47771.000
Adams [299], Belize 47788.000
Richardson, W.D. [760], Trinidad & Tobago 4900.000
Polhill, R. [1437], Tanzania 4901.000
Beck, G. [10016], Bolivia 49295.000
Lewis, G.P., Brazil 49301.000
Beck, G. [10063], Bolivia 49303.000
French Guiana 49314.000
Madagascar 49317.000
Brazil 6049.402
Richards, H.M. [9587], Zambia 6345.000
Harvey, R.M. [10501], Brazil 7510.000
Hunt, D.R. [7048], Belize 7658.000
Bidgood, S. [5481], Tanzania K000190711
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000533843
Ule, E. [8316], Brazil K000533845
s.coll. [s.n.], USA K000806343
Gossweiler, J. [1099], Angola K001009283
Baum, H. [691], Angola K000430227 Unknown type material
Britton, N.L. [s.n.], New Jersey K000806342
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000533844
s.coll. [s.n.], New Jersey K000806341 isotype
Hess-Wyss, H. [51/131], Angola K001009282
Hess-Wyss, H. [52], Angola K001009281
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6398] Utricularia setacea K001123779
Sandwith, N.Y. [1309], Guyana Utricularia tenuiscapa 16320.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.470.1.2/41744 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • De Andrade, B.S.C. & Forzza, R.C. (2012). Lentibulariaceae no parque estadual do Ibitipoca Minas Gerais, Brasil Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 30: 23-35.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Hernández Rendón, J. & Zamudio Ruiz, S. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 77: 1-48. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jiménez, J.E. (2017). Additions to the vascular flora of Costa Rica Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 11: 157-160.
  • Jobson, R.W. & Conn, B.J. (2012). Utricularia subulata L. (Lentibulariaceae): a new weed record of an Australian native for New South Wales, Australia Telopea 14: 83-88.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Rodrigues Furtado, M.N., de Souza Secco, R. & Sousa Rocha, A.E. (2012). Sinopse das espécies de Lamiales Bromhead ocorrentes nas restingas do estado do Pará, Brasil Hoehnea 39: 529-547.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vanderhorst, J.P. & al. (2019). Noteworthy collections: West Virginia Castanea 84: 12-23.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 484
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 485
  • Pellegr. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 61: 18
  • Sp. Pl. 18 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • De Andrade, B.S.C. & Forzza, R.C. (2012). Lentibulariaceae no parque estadual do Ibitipoca Minas Gerais, Brasil Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 30: 23-35.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jiménez, J.E. (2017). Additions to the vascular flora of Costa Rica Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 11: 157-160.
  • Jobson, R.W. & Conn, B.J. (2012). Utricularia subulata L. (Lentibulariaceae): a new weed record of an Australian native for New South Wales, Australia Telopea 14: 83-88.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vanderhorst, J.P. & al. (2019). Noteworthy collections: West Virginia Castanea 84: 12-23.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753).
  • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 34 (1972).
  • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 380 (1963)
  • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 81 (1964)

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/